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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Effect of Laughter Yoga on Resilience and Hope to Live in COVID-19 Crisis among Women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad
        Sedigheh Karimi Razieh Lotfi
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi Full Text
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test with the experimental group. The statistical population of the present study included all women living in Zone 9 of Mashhad, 20 of whom were selected as a sample by available sampling method and taking into account the inclusion criteria and then placed in the experimental group. The subjects in the pre-test phase responded to the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Snyder Hope Scale then were exposed to a laughter yoga intervention program for 16 two-hour sessions. In the post-test stage, the group answered the research questionnaires again. Data were collected and analyzed by t-test of dependent samples. The results showed that laughter yoga increases resilience and its components including the perception of individual competence, trust in individual instincts, tolerance of negative emotions, positive acceptance of change and safe relationships, control of spiritual effects, and also increase hope to live among women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad city. Laughter yoga exercises are a unique treatment with a focus on simulated laughter and deep breathing, which can be used in different ways to release the stored energy of various conditions such as coronavirus disease and life adverse events through laughter, reducing in this way physical stress, increase health and hope to live. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Sociological Analysis of the Role and Position of Social Capital in the Lifestyle of Female Employees: Presenting a grounded Theory in the Corona Crisis
        alireza sanatkhah mehri arabi
        In the face of the coronavirus crisis today, not only the issue of the lifestyle of women who are directly related to coronary heart disease has been considered. But also, the quality of social relations of working women in interaction with social capital (trust, networ Full Text
        In the face of the coronavirus crisis today, not only the issue of the lifestyle of women who are directly related to coronary heart disease has been considered. But also, the quality of social relations of working women in interaction with social capital (trust, network Citizens' communication, and participation with the health programs of the Corona Anti-Corruption Headquarters has taken attention. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the role and position of social capital in the quality of life of women employees of Kerman University of Medical Sciences during the corona. The present research has applied purpose and descriptive research methods. In terms of the type of study, it is qualitative research based on the data method of the foundation. Statistical population includes all staff of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 1399. Participants in the study are 28 female employees in this University. Semi-structured interviews have been used as data collection tools. Also, three methods have been utilized to achieve the reliability criterion. These methods include control or validation by members, analytical comparisons, and audit techniques usage. Data have been analyzed in three stages of open, selective, and selective (pivotal) coding according to procedure Based on the background theory. Based on the findings, factors such as the underlying structure of participation, the quality of communication networks, trust, and fear of job security as the most important factors influencing the lifestyle during the corona (strengthening virtual networks, watching virtual movies and series, awareness emergence Political, online shopping, etc.) are considered as background conditions. Social indifference and intra-group social capital are also known as intervening conditions. Quality of health services, promotion of mental health, and environmental health are the most important strategies, and economic disorder, health and treatment, and ultimately poor social support and social alienation are introduced as consequences. The results show that health-oriented social capital possibly strengthened in female employees using cyberspace. In which necessary training to comply with health protocols is created through virtual networks, and encourage virtual social trust and pursue active participation. Manuscript Document