• List of Articles تعامل

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Sustainability factors and capacities of university-industry relations In higher education system
        rouhollah bagheri mirmohammad seyyed abbas zadeh mohammad hasani
        The aim of this study was identification of Sustainability factors and capacities of university-industry relations in higher education system. The research method was descriptive survey. the research community, was including faculty members five universities country and More
        The aim of this study was identification of Sustainability factors and capacities of university-industry relations in higher education system. The research method was descriptive survey. the research community, was including faculty members five universities country and industry representatives. Research sample, was selected in faculty members with random stratified of Morgan table 263 people and sample in industry representatives with randomly 12 people. Analysis procedures was multivariate regression, Manova and t with using the software SPSS. The research tools included two questionnaires sustainability factors Lee and capacities capacities of university-industry relations Ssebuwufu. According to the analysis Confirmatory validity and its reliability by Cronbach's alpha was appropriate. The results showed that sustainability factors, reasons and motivation and benefit in the university sector was positive and significant. But industry representatives, the sustainability benefits announced lower than optimal. Existing capacities has been a positive and significant relationship between university and industry. All components of capacities university-industry relations has been a positive and significant effect on Sustainability. All components of capacity, has predicted  the reasons and motivations and benefit. Manuscript profile
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        2 - The interaction of academic and industrial institutions based On the National Innovation System
        hojjatollah hajhosseini mehdi mohammadi farhad abbasi
        Establishing and strengthening the relation between academic institutions and industrial enterprises has become the most important challenge for innovation policy in different countries. From the national innovation system perspective, establishing and enhancing the m More
        Establishing and strengthening the relation between academic institutions and industrial enterprises has become the most important challenge for innovation policy in different countries. From the national innovation system perspective, establishing and enhancing the mentioned relations will contribute for creation, transfer, diffusion and utilization of knowledge resources. In different countries, formal and informal mechanisms are used to establish the relationship among the different scientific and industrial sectors which these experiences can be advantaged for our country. In this paper, the experiences of some other countries are analyzed regarding to promote the relations between the scientific institutions comprise the universities and research centers and the industrial sector Manuscript profile
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        3 - Criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of social media users - a framework based on social media exploration
        rojyar pirmohammadiani shahriyar mohammadi
        Nowadays, users' interactive behaviors on social media have become an important and influential resource on marketing activities in various businesses. Despite the importance of this issue, providing appropriate criteria for evaluating the influential behavior of user More
        Nowadays, users' interactive behaviors on social media have become an important and influential resource on marketing activities in various businesses. Despite the importance of this issue, providing appropriate criteria for evaluating the influential behavior of users in recent studies has received less attention. For this purpose, in the first step, an innovative theory framework including two main dimensions: potential of the influence and the level of the influence is presented. Then, in order to define criteria for measuring each dimension, by providing a comprehensive and combined classification including three domains, user-based analysis, relationship-based analysis and content-based analysis, exploration techniques Social media has been examined to analyze the effective behaviors of users. In the following, according to the literature review, the criteria of "number of active users", “ranked of users based on the structural indexes and activity", “quality and the subjectiveness of content” have been defined to measure each of the aforementioned dimensions. The criteria proposed in this article are effective for creating dashboards to assess the value of users' influence in various businesses. It also a comprehensive roadmap has been provided for businesses about the data they need to collect and the required techniques to determine each of these metrics through a cross-disciplinary and academic classification of social media exploration techniques. Manuscript profile
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        4 - Factors affecting urban creative city to create interactive space
        monir mirzayi abbas arghan mohammad reza zand moghadam
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the effective indicators for creating interactive spaces with an emphasis on the creative city. In this regard, according to the research topic, the scrolling method has been used. Regarding the level of study, two descriptive More
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the effective indicators for creating interactive spaces with an emphasis on the creative city. In this regard, according to the research topic, the scrolling method has been used. Regarding the level of study, two descriptive and explanatory levels (descriptive-analytical) were used. Also, for statistical analysis, statistical software such as SPSS and Super Decision software have been used. At the descriptive level, one-dimensional tables, percentages and abundance have been used. Also, at the inferential level, T-test was used to test the hypotheses, along with two independent samples, Pearson's path analysis. The ANP model is used to rank the factors influencing the realization of the creative city. Finally, the results of the research showed that social capital is a good predictor of explaining the level of the creative city in Ray. The creative city can meet the needs and aspirations of urban communities on a variety of dimensions. The needs of each city are influenced by the growth of the city. Urban space is realized when a person or people want to use it or be involved in this process. This process, on the one hand, contributes to the dynamism of the environment and, on the other hand, to the emergence of the creative class. Impact factors (human capital, innovation, social capital and quality of life) can be effective indicators of creativity and planning. In this research, it has been dealt with in general. Manuscript profile
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        5 - Use of conditional generative adversarial network to produce synthetic data with the aim of improving the classification of users who publish fake news
        arefeh esmaili Saeed Farzi
        For many years, fake news and messages have been spread in human societies, and today, with the spread of social networks among the people, the possibility of spreading false information has increased more than before. Therefore, detecting fake news and messages has bec More
        For many years, fake news and messages have been spread in human societies, and today, with the spread of social networks among the people, the possibility of spreading false information has increased more than before. Therefore, detecting fake news and messages has become a prominent issue in the research community. It is also important to detect the users who generate this false information and publish it on the network. This paper detects users who publish incorrect information on the Twitter social network in Persian. In this regard, a system has been established based on combining context-user and context-network features with the help of a conditional generative adversarial network (CGAN) for balancing the data set. The system also detects users who publish fake news by modeling the twitter social network into a graph of user interactions and embedding a node to feature vector by Node2vec. Also, by conducting several tests, the proposed system has improved evaluation metrics up to 11%, 13%, 12%, and 12% in precision, recall, F-measure and accuracy respectively, compared to its competitors and has been able to create about 99% precision, in detecting users who publish fake news. Manuscript profile
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        6 - Measurement of the relationship between religious and moral beliefs
        manijeh ameli mohsen javady hamid malekmakan madi farmanyan
        Many philosophers believe that the history of the relationship between religion and morality is as old as philosophy itself. But since the time of Plato, Socrates' conversation with Othifron has taken on a more serious form. The discussion of the relationship between r More
        Many philosophers believe that the history of the relationship between religion and morality is as old as philosophy itself. But since the time of Plato, Socrates' conversation with Othifron has taken on a more serious form. The discussion of the relationship between religion and morality among Muslims has been considered as one of the important theological issues and less attention has been paid to its moral consequences. However, the relationship between religion and morality is imagined in different forms. In this article, three types of "religion contrast with morality", " religion opposition with moral " and "interaction of religion and morality" have been rationally evaluated. In order to explain the dependence of morality on religion, we examine the "semantic", "ontological", "epistemological" and "psychological" dependence of morality on religion among the different types of moral dependence on religion. In fact, the typology of the relationship between religion and ethics and the scientific-research approach leads us to the conclusion that morality is the most real source from which all goodness, interests and happiness come, and that is "religion". Manuscript profile
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        7 - The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Mother-Child Relationship in Prediction of Psychological Well-Being of Mothers with Intellectual Disabled Children
        Zahra  Bondar Kakhaki Nasrin sadat  hashemi golestan Behnaz Shid Anbarani Hamidreza  Aghamohammadian Sharbaf
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of cognitive emotion regulation and mother-child relationship variables in the prediction of psychological well-being of mothers with intellectual disabled children. This is a descriptive and correlational study. The More
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of cognitive emotion regulation and mother-child relationship variables in the prediction of psychological well-being of mothers with intellectual disabled children. This is a descriptive and correlational study. The statistical population of this study consisted of all mothers with intellectual disabled children whose children were educated in Mashhad during (2019-2020) academic year under the exceptional primary education of Mashhad. 150 mothers were selected by accessible sampling method and completed Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-being (RSPWB), Cognitive emotion regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) and Parent-child relationship scale (PCRS) to determine the contribution of each of the variables. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Data were analyzed by SPSS-23 software. According to the findings, there was a significant positive correlation between psychological well-being and adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy and conversely, there was a significant negative correlation between psychological well-being and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy. There was also a significant positive correlation between positive parent-child relationship and psychological well-being. The pattern of results indicated that adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy and positive parent-child relationship have the ability to predict the psychological well-being of mothers with intellectual disabled children. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Khwājah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Cultural Role in Interacting with Hulagu Khān
        Seyyed Mohsen  Hosseini Einullah khademi Amirhosein Mansori Noori mohsen shams
        The present paper examines Khwajah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s cultural role in interacting with Hulagu Khān and the other elements involved in this cultural agreement. It also aims to explain how, through a correct perception of the cultural features and symbols of the Mong More
        The present paper examines Khwajah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s cultural role in interacting with Hulagu Khān and the other elements involved in this cultural agreement. It also aims to explain how, through a correct perception of the cultural features and symbols of the Mongol ethnic group, Ṭūsī managed to overcome them in a cultural battle. At the same time, he exploited the Mongols’ interest in astronomy, which was a part of their culture, and strengthen the Imāmīyyah kalām regarding its epistemological dimension and the status of Shi‘ism in the political structure of Hulagu Khān’s government. The presence of Khwājah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī meant that Imāmīyyah Kalām had now a representative in the political structure of the time after many centuries, and even some Mongols became interested in Islam. With the downfall of the caliphate of Baghdad, whether Ṭūsī played a role there or not, one of the supporters of Ash‘arī kalām disappeared, and Imāmīyyah groups were revived. Manuscript profile
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        9 - vestigating the Effective Factors on Cultural Intelligence of Urban Managers in Cultural Interactions with Citizens
        مجتبی  امیری منیر  عزیزی غلامرضا  طالقانی
        This research aims to investigate cultural intelligence in Tehran that includes many different cultures. With increasing number of immigrants having varying norms and cultural values, urban managers, who are planers and handlers of a city, need to recognize and boost cu More
        This research aims to investigate cultural intelligence in Tehran that includes many different cultures. With increasing number of immigrants having varying norms and cultural values, urban managers, who are planers and handlers of a city, need to recognize and boost cultural intelligence in order to have a better interact with citizens and even their staff having different cultures. being and environment that deals with different cultures makes urban managers obtain the skills of cultural intelligence .by expansion of cities and an increase in immigrations, societies are changed to a mixture of religious and racial cultures and sub cultures. In a metropolis like Tehran, due to different cultures of citizens urban managers must be able to interact effectively in this multi-cultural city to satisfy people. in this research for the analysis of the gathered data from questionnaires, descriptive and deductive statistics methods are used, and the survey of relation s ships between research variables is done by employing structural equation modeling. Regarding the statistical results from R software, the most effective dimensions on cultural intelligence consequently are: cognitive, behavioral, metacognitive and motivational. The most powerful index is motivational dimension and the weakest index is cognitive dimension. Behavioral and cognitive dimension have a similar performance in relation to cultural intelligence. Manuscript profile
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        10 - A model for analyzing the Creative organizational climate in research and development organizations
        mansour sadeghi mal amiri
        The importance of creativity in successful conservation organizations, this research has focused on the nature of creative organizational climate. So, what creative organizational climate heuristic approach based on multiple scientific literatures published in the field More
        The importance of creativity in successful conservation organizations, this research has focused on the nature of creative organizational climate. So, what creative organizational climate heuristic approach based on multiple scientific literatures published in the field was investigated, leading to the discovery of the creative organizational climate. Dimension based on exploratory, assessment questionnaire, and the subjects that prepare and basic science research and development organizations, researchers are distributed, completed and collected. The data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, divergent validity and internal consistency shows that research and development in the country, five dimensions of freedom, trust, resources, encouragement and interaction assay ¬ size of the creative organizational climate are effective. The atmosphere of the current state of organizations based on five dimensions shows that the levels of organizational climate Tues ¬ tions (creative and non-creative medium) are the medium. The climate of these organizations is creative organizational climate from most to least encouragement, resources, trust, cooperation and freedom Manuscript profile
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        11 - Social media and value creation: the role of interaction satisfaction
        Seyed Amir Hossein Madani Abolfazl Danaei gholamreza jandaghi
        The variety of ways in which customers engage with brands through social media has become a challenge for brand managers. The challenge is how to use social media with a strategic approach and how much content to generate so that company-customer interactions can create More
        The variety of ways in which customers engage with brands through social media has become a challenge for brand managers. The challenge is how to use social media with a strategic approach and how much content to generate so that company-customer interactions can create value for the organization. For this reason, it is important to know to what extent brands should focus on social media engagement satisfaction and its role in creating value for the organization. In this study, researchers will use descriptive and inferential statistics to analyze the data collected from the questionnaire to find the answer to this question. Also, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis along with structural equation model has been used for inferential data analysis. The results of this study suggest that high consumer satisfaction with brand interactions on social media is significantly effective in creating a higher customer longevity value for the brand. Also, high consumer satisfaction in brand interactions on social media has been effective in creating the value of higher customer influence for the brand, in creating the value of higher customer knowledge for the brand and in creating the value of customer knowledge. Manuscript profile
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        12 - Assessing the impact of passion on social media on intention of revisit tourists with a mediating role of customer interaction with customer (Case study: Tourists of Isfahan city)
        Yazdan Shirmohammadi Ramadan  Gholami Awati Maryam  Mohammadi Moghaddam
        Today, social media has become an opportunity for organizations and tourism destinations and regarding to the importance of Customer Loyalty, Organizations are always looking for ways to reach this kind of customers. Including; Customer-to-customer interactions are very More
        Today, social media has become an opportunity for organizations and tourism destinations and regarding to the importance of Customer Loyalty, Organizations are always looking for ways to reach this kind of customers. Including; Customer-to-customer interactions are very important to marketers. To the extent that some researchers believe that positive interactions between customers with each other is one of the most effective and efficient ways to create loyalty to the organization. The present study seeks to evaluate the impact of passion on social media on the intention to revisit tourists with the mediating role of customer interaction with customer. The present research is practical in terms of purpose and descriptive survey in terms of method. The statistical population of the study is the tourists of Isfahan City in the first six months of 1398, whose number was estimated to be 210 by simple sampling method and through Cochran's formula. A researcher-made questionnaire was used in order to gathering information. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS and Amos software and the regression method was used in the hypothesis path analysis test. The findings show that, in general, the desire to work on the Facebook social media affects the intention of visiting tourists. And when the mediating role of the interaction of the tourist with each other is also considered, this effect still exists and in some cases this effect will be even greater. Among the research components; Customer satisfaction, perceived enjoyment, sense of usefulness and extraversion has a greater impact on the tourist's revisitability. Manuscript profile
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        13 - Investigating the function of symbolism in corporate branding
        maboud abbaszade Seyed mohammad tabatabaeenasab
        The aim of this study is to systematically study the research literature in the field of symbolism, identify research gaps and and use the relevant findings to design a corporate branding model. This research is among secondary studies based on systematic review and More
        The aim of this study is to systematically study the research literature in the field of symbolism, identify research gaps and and use the relevant findings to design a corporate branding model. This research is among secondary studies based on systematic review and grounded theory method. 130 articles were investigated through examining the keywords in the related databases as Emerald, sciencedirect, Sage, etc and according to the predetermined criteria. Quick review of the abstracts of the target articles helped delete the irrelevant articles, and then the content of reviewed, and finally the fulltext of 56 articles were selected to be reviewed. According to grounded theory approach, three coding steps were used in the present study: open coding, axial coding and selective coding for data analysis. In addition, MAXQDA software was used to organize the findings.The research findings were adapted with corporate branding theories and gaps in this field were identified. The results of adaptation in this study show that there is a structural and substantive relationship between the core categories and theories of corporate branding, in a way that meaning, symbol and value as interconnected constructs form the corporate brand ecosystem. The brand ecosystem has three levels of fundamental ideology, organizing ideology and consumption ideology. Manuscript profile
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        14 - Investigating the Effect of Implementation of Interactive Mobile Learning System on Personal Performance of Drivers
          Ghasemali Bazaee Hasan Asadzadeh
        The use of information and communication technology tools has provided new solutions to the development and improvement of the educational system, which is an e-learning and mobile learning outcome. Among the important issues of the education sector in the railways are More
        The use of information and communication technology tools has provided new solutions to the development and improvement of the educational system, which is an e-learning and mobile learning outcome. Among the important issues of the education sector in the railways are certain conditions for some occupations, including operation, fleet, track, communications, and signaling, which diminish the possibility of their presence in specific periods of time. This research was carried out using a semi-experimental research and a pretest-posttest with the control group. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of interactive mobile learning system on the personal performance of drivers. In order to investigate the research problem and hypothesis testing, a quasi-experimental research method was used and a pre-test post-test design with the control group was used. The groups were selected through a purposeful sampling method from drivers in Tehran station and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The statistical population consisted of all locomotives in Tehran station with 420 people. Purposefully, 45 people were selected as a sample of their job burnout score in their personal performance component below 32. Using random sampling method and randomly divided into three groups of 15, two groups of participants with adult education (andragogy) and interactive mobile learning system (IMLS) with a heutagogy approach and a control group. According to the test results, learning by interactive learning method was effective in increasing the frequency and intensity of the individual performance of the drivers. Manuscript profile
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        15 - Interactive video or video? Which one is more effective on learner engagement
        Hamed Hoseini zarrabi Abasalt Khorasani Morteza Rezaeizadeh Mohammad ali Mazaheri
        Digital technologies have become an important part of education and educational activists pay special attention to these technologies in order to increase learners' engagement in three dimensions: cognitive, emotional and behavioral. Video is the most popular e-learning More
        Digital technologies have become an important part of education and educational activists pay special attention to these technologies in order to increase learners' engagement in three dimensions: cognitive, emotional and behavioral. Video is the most popular e-learning medium, but with the development of interactive video technology and the possibility of more learner interaction with content, it is important to examine the effects of interactive video on learners' engagement. The purpose of this study is to answer the question which of the linear video and interactive video have the greatest impact on learners' engagement and whether this effect is different in learning styles. For this purpose, in an experimental design, a training course was designed, half of which was presented as a linear video and the other half as an interactive video. The statistical population was educational specialist and training and development specialist who were selected by purposive and available sampling of 55 people. After completing the course, learners completed an engagement questionnaire and answered the four-choice test questions of the course. The internal validity of these two instruments was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient, which was the participation evaluation form (0.878) and test (0.824). Using repeated measures design and paired t-test, the results showed that interactive video compared to linear video is significantly more effective on learners' engagement in three dimensions of cognitive, emotional and behavioral and is recommended to training and development specialists to use interactive videos. The theoretical and practical effects and applications of these findings in the field of organizational training and development are discussed. Manuscript profile
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        16 - The role of territorial behavior in improving the desirability of students' social interactions in academic environments (Case study: Shahid Rajaee University)
        MONA MOHAMMADI hamidreza azemati
        The desirability of students' social interactions plays a fundamental role in enhancing the quality of formal and informal academic spaces. The present study aims to investigate the territorial behavior in the academic environment concerning the concept of "boundary" to More
        The desirability of students' social interactions plays a fundamental role in enhancing the quality of formal and informal academic spaces. The present study aims to investigate the territorial behavior in the academic environment concerning the concept of "boundary" to improve students' social interactions. This study is applied and mixed-method research, in which a survey study is applied to A) evaluate the individuals' views and develop the objective table and contents. Through data collection and employing written sources and semi-structured interviews with psychology and architecture professors B) develop a visual questionnaire, according to the table and distribute them among the research population. In the present study, to fill out the questionnaire, 17 professors are interviewed, and 45 architecture students of Shahid Rajaee University are asked. Data are collected using interviews, observations, and questionnaires. The statistical population includes architecture students of Shahid Rajaee University. Also, the samples are selected by a cluster sampling technique. After classifying the obtained data using SPSS software, they are investigated and analyzed to extract desired boundaries from the students' views utilizing a t-test. Findings indicate that students consider in-between boundaries to be more desirable for spatial privacy in the presence of individuals and friendly gatherings. Manuscript profile
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        17 - A Comparative Study on Critical Thinking in Social Philosophy of Horkheimer and “Philosophy for Children Program”
            yahya ghaedy
        This article is a comparative study between foundations, goals, and methodology of critical thinking in social philosophy of Horkheimer and “Philosophy for children”(P4C) program, and criticizing them. In order to realize this goal 3 questions are investigated on 3 as More
        This article is a comparative study between foundations, goals, and methodology of critical thinking in social philosophy of Horkheimer and “Philosophy for children”(P4C) program, and criticizing them. In order to realize this goal 3 questions are investigated on 3 aspects of foundations, aims and methods; and their relationship is studied. The result shows some similarities and differences between them. Similarities in foundations like being affected by Socrates, emphasize on thinking position in philosophy more than metaphysical subjects. About similarities in aims intellectual growth and to create better life is common in two approaches but the meaning of better life for them is different; for Horkheimer it means creating happiness for more people but in P4C program it means living in a democratic society with responsible and thoughtful citizens. Differences like adopting with social circumstances and the place of knowledge in social critic are mentioned. In methodology the main difference is to present certain and definable method for improving critical thinking in p4c but Horkheimer argue that critical thinking is a continuous process, so he doesn’t present a definite method only speaks of negative critique. The result of this study can be used for other researchers in philosophy and philosophy of education and other educational fields, curricula developer in educational systems, especially in developing an educational model for educating critical thinking. Manuscript profile
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        18 - تأثیر ویژگی¬های خدمات بر کارکنان و مشتریان (مورد مطالعه: هتل‏های پارسیان اصفهان)
         
      • Open Access Article

        19 - Investigating the Role of Interpretation in Politics-Cultural Heritage Interaction in Terms of Developing Islamic Republic of Iran’s Cultural Tourism
        Mohammad reza salehi pour akbar pourfaraj Seyed Mojtaba Mahmodzadeh ahmad golmohammadi
        The development of cultural tourism depends on the interaction of a wide variety of factors. On the other hand, considering the fact that the process of cultural tourism is influenced by Politics and that cultural heritage is regarded as a constructive source for cultur More
        The development of cultural tourism depends on the interaction of a wide variety of factors. On the other hand, considering the fact that the process of cultural tourism is influenced by Politics and that cultural heritage is regarded as a constructive source for cultural tourism, it could be argued that the success of cultural tourism is contingent upon the interaction of Politics and cultural heritage, between which interpretation can act as an intervening factor to establish such an interaction, playing different roles in this regard. This study, therefore, sought to investigate the functions of interpretation as a factor that establish an interaction between politics and cultural heritage and identify the status of such functions in this regard to help the IRI’s cultural tourism benefit from them. To this end, such potential functions were identified by reviewing the related literature and analyzing the qualified experts’ opinions as follows: recalling the spatial identity of historical sites, learning from the ancestors’ works and history, altering the politicians' attitudes towards cultural heritage, strengthening national identity, preserving the historical sites’ structure and spirit, bringing the stakeholders of historical sites closer to each other, fighting against racism and ethnocentrism, correcting historical misunderstandings, converging different cultures, and developing mutual understanding between politicians and the public. Moreover, the surveying phase of the study identified the aggregate opinions of experts concerning the priority of the aforementioned functions using the fuzzy Delphi method. The study’s results revealed that recalling the spatial identity of historical sites, strengthening national identity, and preserving the historical sites’ structure and spirit were those potential functions of interpretation in the interaction between politics and cultural tourism in which the experts had the highest consensus. Manuscript profile
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        20 - Socio-cultural impact assessment of establishing Marvdasht sports complex (Tehran municipal region7)
        Khalil  Mirzaei Marjan  Pakdaman Farzad  Abbasi neda Azimi
        The present study seeks to respond to Qasr-Heshmatieh neighborhood residents’ needs regarding sports facilities. Some of the most important goals of this project include impacts such as direct and indirect empowering and informing the residents on health issues, providi More
        The present study seeks to respond to Qasr-Heshmatieh neighborhood residents’ needs regarding sports facilities. Some of the most important goals of this project include impacts such as direct and indirect empowering and informing the residents on health issues, providing access to sports facilities, establishing public spaces and increasing social interactions in those spaces, increasing perceived safety and health for the residents of Qasr-Heshmatieh neighborhood due to the existence of a safe place for doing sports, improving residents’ physical health due to easier accessibility to sports facilities and equipment compared to the past, increasing the visits from other parts of the region to use the facilities and building new interaction, etc. The present study is descriptive in terms of process and applied in terms of the research objective. Documentary and field study were also used for data collection. However, it must be mentioned that the present study can also be categorized among assessment studies. The establishment of Marvdasht sports complex in Tehran municipal region 7 has both positive and negative impacts. The positive impacts include increasing social relations, social capital, safety for women, health, participation in sports activities, reducing addiction rate, change in the lifestyle, employment, creation of new jobs, revenue gain for the municipality, and reducing noise from teenagers and the youth, while negative impacts include environmental pollution, increased traffic, parking space shortage, and congestion and crowdedness in the neighborhood. Manuscript profile
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        21 - The United States of America and the International Criminal Court in Barack Obama Period: An Abstention or a Possibility
        رضا  موسی‌زاده Hadi Golriz
        The relationship between the United States and the International Criminal Court is a combination of confrontation and tension in various aspects, including legal considerations, political, national and security concerns and strategic interests. The existing tensions in More
        The relationship between the United States and the International Criminal Court is a combination of confrontation and tension in various aspects, including legal considerations, political, national and security concerns and strategic interests. The existing tensions in relationship with the International Criminal Court have accentuated at some points and the United States has actively challenged the Court's existence. However, the challenges didn’t last for a long time, and at the end of George W. Bush’s presidency– recognizing the inherent values and potentialities of creating an International Criminal Court and the necessity to keep it– confrontations and tensions faded in favor of a constructive interaction. In the years which passed– especially during the administration of Barack Obama– the attitudes and the positions of the US towards the International Criminal Court have experienced a fundamental and comprehensive change and the United States is trying to compensate for the past measures, and to increase the interactions and cooperation with the International Criminal Court and to recognize its existence and capacity as an important international judicial institution in prosecuting the international violent crimes and to restart the relations with the International Criminal Court. Manuscript profile
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        22 - کنکاشی در تعامل انسان و محیط زیست در اسلام با تأکید بر آموزه نظام احسن
        morteza bayat
      • Open Access Article

        23 - Social constructivism and its educational implications for inclusive
        mahin chenari Zohreh iranpoor
        The purpose of this study is to explain the theory of social constructivism and infer the educational implications of this theory for inclusive education. The research method is deductive inference of Frankenna reconstructed model. The theory of social constructivism in More
        The purpose of this study is to explain the theory of social constructivism and infer the educational implications of this theory for inclusive education. The research method is deductive inference of Frankenna reconstructed model. The theory of social constructivism in the field of goals, principles and methods of education had many implications for inclusive education. Among the educational goals that were achieved are: to elevate students 'learning according to individual, social and cultural contexts, to develop students' potential abilities, in the field of principles: to pay attention to individual, social and cultural differences of knowledge Students, flourishing students' potential talents with the help of the teacher, in the field of method: using self-assessment, using pre-organizers, using participatory method. Manuscript profile
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        24 - Modeling of Traditional Iranian Bazaar in Designing Commercial Complexes with the Approach of Promoting Social Interactions
        farzin tavakoli Saeed Azemati Sara Zohari
        Traditional markets have long been central to the presence of the people and are the core of organization and interaction in the social and economic environment of cities. Today, commercial complexes are a good platform and space for social relations. In these complexes More
        Traditional markets have long been central to the presence of the people and are the core of organization and interaction in the social and economic environment of cities. Today, commercial complexes are a good platform and space for social relations. In these complexes, the activity of guilds and being public can lead to the presence of people in the space and create an environment for promoting interactions, vitality, dynamism and social growth of the city. This letter aims to reach to solutions in promoting social interactions in commercial complexes regardiding the pattern of traditional markets. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a significant relationship between legibility patterns, sense of place, stillness, dynamics, motion, light, variety of form and geometry and patterns of activity in traditional Iranian markets with social interactions. The research method of this article is a combination, in the first part, the physical components of the market were extracted by using library studies and observing and examining a case study of the Isfahan market, and in the second part, through open interviews with twelve experts in the field of architecture, the effective components were determined using the snowball method. . In the next step, the data obtained from the case sample was analyzed in a quantitative way using a questionnaire that was distributed among the users of commercial spaces in Region 5, in order to identify the components that can be used in today's commercial complexes. The obtained results show that using the components of sense of place, vitality, and spatial permeability and diversity in the design of commercial complexes can improve social interactions among users of these spaces. Manuscript profile
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        25 - Providing physical solutions in order to strengthen social interactions (case example: North Shahid Beheshti St.)
        Vajihe Sehatpoor ramezanali naderi mayvan
        As an urban space, the street is one of the most important places where face-to-face encounters and the arena of social interactions of citizens are considered. The presence of vehicle traffic crisis and low physical quality has caused a severe lack of public space with More
        As an urban space, the street is one of the most important places where face-to-face encounters and the arena of social interactions of citizens are considered. The presence of vehicle traffic crisis and low physical quality has caused a severe lack of public space with the ability to accept social interactions. Enhancing public spaces is a means of dealing with this fragmentation and related concerns. It is possible to strengthen the feeling of togetherness by creating a variety of public spaces. On the other hand, the presence of untouched natural environments inside the cities is one of the important potentials of the city in creating a new urban public space and strengthening the civic life and social connections among the city residents. Therefore, organizing these spaces, while transforming them from a defenseless space into a safe urban space, provides a basis for being present in the space and strengthening communication and social interactions in cities and among residents, which leads to the establishment and strengthening of civil life in the city. The phenomenon of an urban defenseless space and the effect it has on the collective conscience can turn the healthy human-city relationship into a disconnected and sometimes hostile relationship with the environment. Because until a person does not feel calm in the environment and space and always lives in worry as a victim, he cannot display his capabilities and values and fulfill his social role in a desirable way. In this research, the aim of which is to promote social interactions in the North Shahid Beheshti axis (between Shahid Square and Charah Safa Square), a combined research method (analytical-descriptive) has been used. The results of the research show that increasing comfort and healing for the people present in the area, creating beautiful and appropriate flooring, creating a favorable permeability for the area can greatly help to increase social interactions in this area. Manuscript profile