• Home
  • ضمانت اجرا
    • List of Articles ضمانت اجرا

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Criminal Sanction of infringement of Trade Secrets, in the imamiyya Jurisprudence, Iranian and united states Laws
        ali bigzadeh Jafar  Kousha seyed bagher mirabbasi
        Trade secrets are among the most valuable branches of intellectual property, which, like material possessions, need to be protected from any aggression or abuse of individuals. Therefore, the preservation and protection of trade secrets has led most developed and develo More
        Trade secrets are among the most valuable branches of intellectual property, which, like material possessions, need to be protected from any aggression or abuse of individuals. Therefore, the preservation and protection of trade secrets has led most developed and developing countries to formulate special legal rules for the criminal protection of this valuable asset. In this article, following the disclosure of intellectual property, trade secrets and its taxes, and some concepts related to this issue, and finally the evaluation of the criminal protection of trade secrets from the perspective of Imamiyya jurisprudence, the rights of Iran and the United States have been investigated. The results indicate that the opposition of the jurisprudents to the principle of intellectual property protection lacked legal reasoning and did not explicitly mention the criminal law, and that Iran's right to full protection of trade secrets was ineffective and weak, but American law and practice in this country have a favorable criminal law protection for any kind of infringement of trade of the development of this article.secrets. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - بررسی فسخ قرارداد در حقوق ایران با مطالعه تطبیقی با اصول قراردادهای تجاری بین‌المللی
          Mozafar Bashokouh  
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Obligations of the Adopter Couples towards the Adopted Child and the Enforcement of it in the Iranian Legal System with a Comparative Study in English Law
        Marjan Arastooie
        Child Adoption is an effective entity in terms of improving the living standards of homeless and abused children and couples or people without children, as well as in terms of positive social reflections. In this regard, high support of the adopted child will be necessa More
        Child Adoption is an effective entity in terms of improving the living standards of homeless and abused children and couples or people without children, as well as in terms of positive social reflections. In this regard, high support of the adopted child will be necessary by regulating the obligations of guardians and enforcement of them. Obligations of guardians in Iranian law include transferring part of the property, the provision of child expenses, life insurance for the child and custody and good behavior and not to commit acts leading to disqualification, which in case of violation of each one according to the relevant rules will lead to the termination of the adoption, the change of the custody order and the compensation of the damages to the adopted child. In English law, on the other hand, there is a complete adoption system, according to which the relationship resulting from adoption is fully consistent with the legal relationship between the children and their biological parents, which reduces the distinction between the obligations of biological and non-biological guardians. But, in recent laws, a kind of incomplete adoption under the name of ‘Special Guardianship’ with specific obligations has also been identified in this country. In English law, due to the guardian's obligations, which include alimony, care and decision-making in the affairs of the adopted child, there is a guarantee of performances such as obliging and guiding the guardian to perform legal duties and the possibility of prosecution in case of child abuse. Also, according to the judicial procedure and the emphasis of the law on the principle of the material and spiritual well-being of the child, contrary to the rule, in very special and exceptional circumstances, formal adoption can be terminated. Manuscript profile