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        1 - Investigate the impact of Auditors ethical on the discovery of manipulated financial data
           
        Flexibility in accounting an opportunity for the company that through the manipulation of financial information، have some abuses to cover their actual financial swing. Therefore، the aim of this study is investigate the impact of Auditors ethical on the discovery of ma Full Text
        Flexibility in accounting an opportunity for the company that through the manipulation of financial information، have some abuses to cover their actual financial swing. Therefore، the aim of this study is investigate the impact of Auditors ethical on the discovery of manipulated financial data. For this purpose the indicators information of independence، integrity، impartiality and ethical rules on how the ethics of auditors، by means of questionnaires from the auditors and CPAs were collected and analyzed. Inferential tests results of mean and confirmatory factor analysis of structural equation showed that Auditor's ability to detect manipulated of financial information is impacted by Ethical rules of auditing، independence، impartiality and integrity and ethical aspects of the audit considerably. So that the integrity and impartiality of auditors were determined as the most important factor discovered by manipulating financial data. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - A Study of Psychometric Properties of Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS) and its Relation to Academic Achievement
        Mohsen Afshar Elahe Hejazi Javad Ejei Nahid Sadeghi
        The present study aims at investigating psychometric properties of Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS) among a sample of senior high school students and to determine its role in predicting their academic achievement. To this end 527 senior high school students in Karaj Full Text
        The present study aims at investigating psychometric properties of Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS) among a sample of senior high school students and to determine its role in predicting their academic achievement. To this end 527 senior high school students in Karaj (city in Alborz Province) during the school year 2015-2016, were chosen using stratified proportional sampling and completed a questionnaire which consists of Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS) and futurist present subscale. Exploratory factor analysis demonstrated that the structure of Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS) after varimax rotation was clearly indicated the existence of four independent factors that is almost consistent with Husman and Shell (2008) classification of the items but second-order confirmatory factor analysis showed insignificant factorial load of extension component on future time perspective construct. Therefore, we can conclude that future time perspective of Iranian students only consist of three components: connection, value and speed. The results indicated acceptable reliability of FTPS. Regression analysis showed that these three factors significantly predict student's academic achievement. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Design, Construction and Psychometric Questionnaire Multiple Intelligences in Handball
        Mohammad Reza Shahabi Kaseb Fatemeh Cheshomi Zahra Estiri Mohammad Reza Mohammadi Rasool Zeidabadi
        The aim of the current study was, development of psychometric Questionnaire Multiple Intelligences from Gardner (2002) in handball. First, by studying the literature in the field of handball and interviews with experts in the field, questions were designed that the best Full Text
        The aim of the current study was, development of psychometric Questionnaire Multiple Intelligences from Gardner (2002) in handball. First, by studying the literature in the field of handball and interviews with experts in the field, questions were designed that the best questions are selected from the initial questionnaire (188 items) was constructed. Specialists the face and content validity, of the questionnaire was sent to 10 motor behavior’s Specialists and handball’s experts that face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed (CVR= 0/99, CVI=0/89). Factor analysis based on structural equations was used for validation of structure of questionnaire and Cronbach alpha coefficient was used to assess internal consistency of questionnaire. Results showed four component model includes Bodily/ kinesthetic, visual/ spatial, mathematical / logical and emotional intelligence with 37 questions had acceptable fit index (RMSEA = 0.06, CFI = 0.92, TLI = 0.91), internal consistency were reported and verified also with using Cronbach’s alpha 0/90. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Normalization of the Cognitive Questionnaire about Body and Health (cabah)
        maryam khadirzare فریده نرگسی farzad zandi alireza mokhberi
        Dysfunctional beliefs about illness and physical symptoms have been identified as risk factors for health anxiety. The Body and Health Cognitions Questionnaire (CABAH) is one of the most comprehensive tools for measuring health cognition. The aim of this study was to st Full Text
        Dysfunctional beliefs about illness and physical symptoms have been identified as risk factors for health anxiety. The Body and Health Cognitions Questionnaire (CABAH) is one of the most comprehensive tools for measuring health cognition. The aim of this study was to standardize Questionnaire 30 of this questionnaire in Iran. The number of samples in this study included 869 male and female students with health anxiety in Sanandaj Azad University, Kurdistan University and Khorramabad University of Medical Sciences who were selected by convenience sampling. Were evaluated. The validity of the questionnaire was obtained by Cronbach's alpha method and the construct validity was obtained by confirmatory factor analysis using Lizrel software. The Cronbach's alpha value of the whole questionnaire is 0.80, which indicates the appropriate internal consistency of the questionnaire. Also, the correlation between two parallel forms in the halving test for the CABAH questionnaire was 0.61, which is also acceptable. Therefore, in general, it can be said that the CABAH questionnaire has good reliability and can be used as a valid tool. Manuscript Document