• List of Articles Conversation

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Different Kind of Self-Repairs and Their Status In Alternations of Persian Daily Conversations
        حیدرعلی  امینی مسیح‌اله  نعمتی شهلا  شریفی
        Sometimes speakers pause in a part of their speech or repeat one of their saying or word in daily conversations due to some reason or even interrupt their speech. These behaviors which are a specific kind of correction are named self-repair. The study identifies diffe Full Text
        Sometimes speakers pause in a part of their speech or repeat one of their saying or word in daily conversations due to some reason or even interrupt their speech. These behaviors which are a specific kind of correction are named self-repair. The study identifies different kinds of self-repairs and their status in succession of alternations in Persian daily conversations and real occurrence frequency of every one of self-repairs and also their concomitant Lexical-initiations and Non-lexical-initiations. The study involves 254 sentences or phrases which have repairable elements and have been collected from different environments and with different subjects during one month of 1392/2013. Findings show that self-repairs and their status in Persian daily conversations are similar with results claimed by “Shegloff and colleagues” (1977) about English Language. It is also shown that the frequency of self-initiated self-repair is more than other kinds of self-repair in Persian daily conversation. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The comparative Study of Back Channel Response in Persian and English Telephone Conversation
        مهناز  آزادمنش شهلا  شریفی
        This research is aimed to study about back channel response in Persian and English telephone conversation comparatively in terms of measuring the frequency, type, function and position of it in the dialogue. The back channel response includes lexemes and phones such as Full Text
        This research is aimed to study about back channel response in Persian and English telephone conversation comparatively in terms of measuring the frequency, type, function and position of it in the dialogue. The back channel response includes lexemes and phones such as “ya”, “really”, “Humm”, “mm”, … which are heard in the conversion repetitively in order to notify the speaker how his/her words are comprehended. In fact, the hearer reflects his/her position toward the speakers’ words through producing back channel response, as a result these signs have an impressive effect on the continuing the conversation. Despite the fact that back channel response exist in all the languages of the world, its function is different from one to another language. In general, the research data were extracted from a 300 minutes American English telephone conversation as well as 300 minutes Persian telephone conversation. The Persian data have received from Fars Dot telephone conversation database and took the permission from Gooyesh Pardaz Institute, while the English data have got from Vanarook research paper. The results of the study stand for a number of similarities and differences in frequency, function and position of back channel response in both English and Persian languages. Moreover, it is possible to illustrate how back channel response in Persian is more than English as they are 1691 and 1473 items respectively. The most frequent items in terms of their use were short back channel response, which were most likely represented in the end of the syntactic constituents. Furthermore, most of the back channel response items have an important effect on the comprehension process. However, there are more differences between the other forms and functions of back channel response in the Persian and English dialogues. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Relationship between Family Communication Patterns with Meaning in Life on High School Students in Shiraz
        raziyeh shakibafard reza chalmeh
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school stu Full Text
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school students in Shiraz(60 girls and 60 boys)who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data collected by questionnaire of family communication patterns (Fitzpatrick and Ritchie, 1990) and the meaning in life questionnaire (Steger, 2010). Cronbach's Alpha was calculated to examine reliability of the measures. The power of dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) was examined in predicting the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning) by using correlation test and simultaneous regression analysis. According to the results of this study, the dimensions of family communication patterns were able to predict the search for meaning and the strongest prediction was related to the conversation dimension (p <0.05), but the presence of meaning was not predictable by the dimensions of family communication patterns. Whereas, proper communication of family members plays an important role in creating a search for meaning in children, it can be strengthened to increase meaning in life. Manuscript Document