• Home
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    • List of Articles Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

      • Open Access Article

        1 - The comparison of the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Clomipramine in treating patients with obsessive compulsive disorders in men and women in the city of Shiraz
        Ali Derakhtkar Fatmemeh Najian Tabriz Hanie Mordadi Arame SafiKhani
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project Full Text
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project. It was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, follow-up, and control groups. The research population was obsessive-compulsive disorder referring to counseling centers in the summer of 2018 and received a definitive diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sampling was done by the access method. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 15. Subjects were evaluated before and after the intervention by the Yale Brown questionnaire. To analyze the statistical data, analysis of variance (repeated measure) was used by SPSS software version 21. Findings: The findings of this study showed that both types of treatment in the short-term affects the improvement of symptoms of OCD (P<0/01), but in follow-up, ACT treatments maintained their therapeutic effect. Moreover, there was no significant difference between men and women statistically in this study. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a more lasting effect of treatment based on acceptance and commitment, and this seems to be important due to the combination of Eastern techniques and Western psychology that makes treatment more effective for Iranian patients. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The Structural Model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Based on Maladaptive Perfectionism and Parental Psychological Control
        Shahram Vakiliheris Sholeh  Livarjani Naeimeh Moheb
        The purpose of the current study is to investigate the mediating role of Personal maladaptive perfectionism and parental psychological control in the relationship between parental maladaptive perfectionism with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), using structural equat Full Text
        The purpose of the current study is to investigate the mediating role of Personal maladaptive perfectionism and parental psychological control in the relationship between parental maladaptive perfectionism with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), using structural equation modeling (SEM). The research design is descriptive-correlation study. The participants were 586 students of Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, University of Tabriz, and Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University in Iran selected using the cluster sampling method. Data were gathered by Obsessive Compulsive Inventory Revised (OCI-R), Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), and Dependency-Oriented and Achievement-Oriented Psychological Control Scale (DAPCS), and were analyzed by SPSS and AMOS V. 24. SEM confirmed the proposed model (χ2 /df = 1.94, RMSEA = 0.04, CFI = 0.97, GFI = 0.96, AGFI = 0.94) and indicated that parental maladaptive perfectionism with Personal maladaptive perfectionism and parental psychological control mediation affects OCD with standard coefficient of 0.47 (P˂0.05). The findings, supporting the theoretical model, propose a suitable framework for psychopathology of the disorders that emphasize Parental maladaptive perfectionism anticipates the obsessive-compulsive disorder through parental psychological control and Personal maladaptive perfectionism. These findings, can be useful in developing etiology, efficacious therapeutic interventions and preventions for OCD. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women In Malekan, 2018
        Fariba AzizNejhad Gholamheydar  Nikkho Saba Mohamad Gh N MAHSA SALIMI KIVI Hojjat Aziznejhad
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between d Full Text
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women in Malekan. This research is descriptive-analytical. The statistical population included primiparous women of Malekan city in 2019. Hundred people were selected from the clients of health centers, using the available sampling method. Data collection tools were the Beck questionnaire to determine the degree of depression, the Madzley Obsessive-compulsive disorder, and Enrich questionnaire to determine marital satisfaction, completed by interview. Data were analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher, Pearson, and multiple linear regressions. The results of multiple linear regression of the effect of depression on marital satisfaction showed that depression had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of marital satisfaction, relationship, conflict resolution, and ideal distortion. Also, the results of multiple linear regression of the effect of obsession on marital satisfaction showed that obsession had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of communication and ideal distortion. In conclusion, the present study showed that the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction is inverse. Marital satisfaction in pregnant women with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder was lower than in healthy people. Therefore, it should be considered as one of the important priorities to reduce these problems. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms Based on Personality Factors in Female College Students in Shiraz
        shiva zare Seyed Mehdi Hosseini
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in Full Text
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in Shiraz city during 2019-2020 among which 256 students were selected through multi stage cluster sampling and then questionnaires were distributed among them. In order to collect data were used the Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision and Hexaco-60 questionnaire. The data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression with SPSS-16 software. The results of this study showed that among personality dimensions, honesty/humility, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness have significantly negative correlation with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and among them only conscientiousness (Beta=-0.18) could significantly predict Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms. Based on results of this study it can be concluded that conscientiousness has more important role in predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and in vulnerability to this disorder. Since mental health is an important factor in quality of life, psychotherapists can keep these information in mind during diagnosing and therapy sessions. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Investigating the mediating role of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control in the relationship between mindfulness and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in women
        reza chalmeh fatemeh abdolahi
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed re Full Text
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed relationships between variables were investigated using the path analysis method. In this model, the mindfulness variable was considered as an exogenous variable, and cognitive control and flexibility were considered as mediating variables and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder as an endogenous variable. The statistical population included all women aged 18 and over living in Shiraz, of which 150 were selected as a sample group by random sampling. The tools used in this study included Yale Brown obsessive-compulsive disorder questionnaires, Freiburg mindset (short form), and cognitive control and flexibility. The results showed that mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly (β = -0.35). Cognitive flexibility (β = -0.24) and cognitive control (β = -0.23) were also negative and significant predictors of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms. Mindfulness was a positive and significant predictor of cognitive control (β = 0.80) and cognitive flexibility (β = 0.60). Finally, cognitive flexibility and cognitive control were able to mediate the role of exogenous and intrinsic variables. Play a child. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly. In addition, cognitive flexibility is a negative and significant predictor of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder; In addition, both cognitive flexibility and cognitive control variables could play a mediating role between exogenous and endogenous variables. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Manuscript Document