• List of Articles Cognition

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Hazrat Zaynab Kobra's (S) feature in Farsi poetry
        Ahmad  Zakeri Mohammad Ali  Rahimi
        Though the cognitions of Imam Hossein entered into Persian poetry from third and fourth centuries and almost synchronous with Persian language birth, the name of Hazrat Zeinab has been used very limited and in very few cases in Persian poetry. In Safavi Dynasty, her nam Full Text
        Though the cognitions of Imam Hossein entered into Persian poetry from third and fourth centuries and almost synchronous with Persian language birth, the name of Hazrat Zeinab has been used very limited and in very few cases in Persian poetry. In Safavi Dynasty, her name has been entered into Persian Poetry a bit more serious. However, still the poets do not refer to her properly. In Ghajar dynasty, referring to the Karbala Lady’s character becomes prevail in Persian poetry and reaches its climax in the late part of Ghajar and the beginning part of Pahlavi time. Unfortunately, despite the willing of the poets in eulogizing and parsing Hazrat Zeinab, the picture of this great lady is only described as a grief-stricken, flagged, depressed, and crying. Even this honored lady is described as a weak, and disabled woman, hence her glory, respect, and magnificence are affected drastically. From the late part of Pahlavi dynasty which the contexts of Islamic revolution is formed, the poets’ view starts to change gradually and finally with Iranian Islamic Revolution the spirit of revolution penetrates into Zeinab poetries and the poets’ view is attracted to the glorious aspects of this heaven and earth lady. Therefore, some great works which deserve the position and personality of this lady have been created. This dissertation has investigated the spiritual picture of Hazrat Zeinab in Persian Poetry. Manuscript Document
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        2 - Study and analysis of the nature, principles, extent, types and sources of epistemology
        mohammad farajzadeh Mohammad Reza  Sarmadi
        The present study aimed to study and analyze the nature of epistemology, principles, extent, types and sources of knowledge. This applied research is descriptive and analytical. According to the results, science and knowledge are obtained using various sources such as n Full Text
        The present study aimed to study and analyze the nature of epistemology, principles, extent, types and sources of knowledge. This applied research is descriptive and analytical. According to the results, science and knowledge are obtained using various sources such as nature, wisdom, revelation, etc. Meanwhile, the lack of access to such knowledge is a major obstacle to achieve the ultimate goal. Since different ways can be used to develop knowledge in the learners, teachers must pay attention to the best way of acquiring knowledge through such philosophical studies. Knowledge can only be obtained through experience. It should be noted that the purpose of education needs to be accompanied by knowledge. The anthropological perspective of existentialism, therefore, searches for the root of knowledge in man. Accordingly, more freedom must be given to the students in order to search for knowledge, given their psychological needs. Manuscript Document
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        3 - A cognitive view of the concept of innovation and innovation policy
        Sina Laleh Ehsaneh Nazari
        Like all sciences, initially, we have to achieve basic understanding and deep cognitive about that science..the artificial constructs must commence with the recognition that there are phenomena to be observed and studied and about which testable hypotheses need to be ge Full Text
        Like all sciences, initially, we have to achieve basic understanding and deep cognitive about that science..the artificial constructs must commence with the recognition that there are phenomena to be observed and studied and about which testable hypotheses need to be generated and tested. The innovation and innovation policy concepts are not Exception too, although in relation to innovation and innovation policy issues, there are highly expression by many scientists, this paper presents the view that one of the reasons for the current state is a lack of a sufficiently wide ambit in our understanding of the various phenomena that go to make up innovation and not simply immaturity. so we offer another definition of the concept of innovation and creativity and their separation from each other at first, then, express The concept of "situated cognition" with the basic elements are associated with it. After that, according to this concept and value systems we define the innovation and express the effect of situation and changing of the manufacturers and creativity and innovation adopters, based on value systems and organizations and innovation adopters. Then, after expressing the definition of a constructive memory and effects of its interaction on the change of value systems and creating the Emergence values, finally, we present the concept of innovation and innovation policy. At the end, we introduce the FBS ontology to describe the innovation, we offer a Workbench to Test Innovation Policies Manuscript Document
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        4 - Investigating the Mediating Role of Achievement Goals in the Relationship between Need for Cognition and Cognitive Engagement: The Effect of Procrastination Context
        Reza Ghorban Jahromi Elahe Hejazi Javad Ejei Mohammad Khodayarifard
        The aim of the present study was investigating the mediating role of achievement goals in the relationship between need for cognition and cognitive engagement based on students’ academic procrastination. 268 third grade high-school students (161 female & 107 male) from Full Text
        The aim of the present study was investigating the mediating role of achievement goals in the relationship between need for cognition and cognitive engagement based on students’ academic procrastination. 268 third grade high-school students (161 female & 107 male) from high-schools in Shiraz city were selected through multistage cluster sampling and answered to a set of self-report questionnaire consisted of Need for Cognition Scale (NCS), Achievement Goals Scale (AGS), Cognitive Engagement Scale (MSLQ), and Academic Procrastination Scale (PASS). The research method was descriptive and correlation research design to study the relationship between variables in causal model of path analysis framework. The results generally showed that in an academic procrastination context, need for cognition had significant positive indirect effect on deep cognitive strategies through the mediation of achievement goals; however, this effect on shallow cognitive strategies was significant, but negative and indirect. The findings demonstrated that the direct effect of need for cognition on mastery and goals was significantly positive; but this effect on performance-approach and performance-avoidant goals were significantly negative. The effect of each of the achievement goals on shallow and deep cognitive strategies were different. Manuscript Document
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        5 - Conceptualization of Students’ Academic Passion in Mathematic based on Qualitative Study of Foundation Data
        Mahsa Saleh Najafi Elahe Hejazi Parvin Kadivar Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The purpose of present study was to investigate the concept of academic passion in math among adolescence. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study conceptualization of academic passion in math from the perspective of adolescents with a qualitative method, interv Full Text
        The purpose of present study was to investigate the concept of academic passion in math among adolescence. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study conceptualization of academic passion in math from the perspective of adolescents with a qualitative method, interviews with focus group, and grounded theory approach. Participants in this study were 51 adolescents (24 girls and 27 boys).Three focus group were composed in female student’s school, and four groups were constituted in male student’s schools. The results regarding student’s academic passion in math were categorized in four categories of “intent to engage in the activity”, “positive emotions”, “future perspective and identification with activity” and “need for cognition”. Also the results were related to factors affecting academic passion in math categorized in three categories of “family”,“teacher” and “individual features” and finally results were related to consequences of academic passion in math categorized in 5 group “resiliency”, “hope”, “information processing styles”, “self-efficacy”, “subjective well- being”. Manuscript Document
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        6 - The Effect of Self-Regulation on Academic Resiliency with Mediation of Autonomous Motivation
        Maryam Ataii بهرام صالح صدق پور Hasan  Asadzadeh Aboutaleb Seadatee Shamir
        This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and academic resiliency with respected to mediating role of autonomous motivation. The target population of the study comprised Tehran universities under graduate students in the academic y Full Text
        This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and academic resiliency with respected to mediating role of autonomous motivation. The target population of the study comprised Tehran universities under graduate students in the academic year of 1397-1398. The sample consisted of 360 students who were selected by random cluster sampling method. The instruments used in this study were: Academic motivation scale (Vallerand و colleagues, 1989), self-regulation scale (Bufard, 1995) and academic resiliency questionnaire (Martin, 2003). The research method applied to this study was casual modeling. The results revealed that self-regulation had direct effect to predict academic resiliency. Meaning that increase of self-regulation promotes resilience. In addition relationship of academic autonomous motivation is direct and negative which is the result of external motivation. This shows that non-autonomous motivation decreases academic resilience. Furthermore, autonomous motivation mediated the relationship of self-regulation with academic resiliency. Manuscript Document
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        7 - Normalization of the Cognitive Questionnaire about Body and Health (cabah)
        maryam khadirzare فریده نرگسی farzad zandi alireza mokhberi
        Dysfunctional beliefs about illness and physical symptoms have been identified as risk factors for health anxiety. The Body and Health Cognitions Questionnaire (CABAH) is one of the most comprehensive tools for measuring health cognition. The aim of this study was to st Full Text
        Dysfunctional beliefs about illness and physical symptoms have been identified as risk factors for health anxiety. The Body and Health Cognitions Questionnaire (CABAH) is one of the most comprehensive tools for measuring health cognition. The aim of this study was to standardize Questionnaire 30 of this questionnaire in Iran. The number of samples in this study included 869 male and female students with health anxiety in Sanandaj Azad University, Kurdistan University and Khorramabad University of Medical Sciences who were selected by convenience sampling. Were evaluated. The validity of the questionnaire was obtained by Cronbach's alpha method and the construct validity was obtained by confirmatory factor analysis using Lizrel software. The Cronbach's alpha value of the whole questionnaire is 0.80, which indicates the appropriate internal consistency of the questionnaire. Also, the correlation between two parallel forms in the halving test for the CABAH questionnaire was 0.61, which is also acceptable. Therefore, in general, it can be said that the CABAH questionnaire has good reliability and can be used as a valid tool. Manuscript Document
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        8 - Prediction of Schizophrenia Neuropsychological Characteristics Based on Social Cognition Aspects in a Non-Clinical Sample
        gholamhossein javanmard
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational d Full Text
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational design of regression prediction. To do so, 200 university students (100 males, 100 females) were selec-ted by multistage cluster sampling from the two universities of Bonab city, East Azarbayjan province in Iran (Payame Noor and University of Bonab). Having any physical or psycho-neurological chronic illnesses was the elimi-nation criterion in the study. To collect data the 78-item scale of MMPI-2 for schizophrenia, Reading Mind from Eyes Test (RMET), and Alexithymia Questionnaire (FTAS-20) were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson's cor-relation test, linear regression analysis, and mul-tiple simultaneus regression analysis. According to the results, the predictive role of theory of mind and alexithymia in characteristics of schi-zophrenia were confirmed. Separately, theory of mind explained 19% and alexithymia explained 57% of the variance of neuro-psychological characteristics of schizophrenia. Studying the combined contribution of theory of mind and alexithymia in schizophrenic characteristics in-dicated that, among the two variables, only the predictive variable affecting features of schizo-phrenia was alexithymia (with beta=0.58). Manuscript Document