• List of Articles Environment

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Design business model with emphasis on social and environmental considerations
        hosein sormeh
        Abstract                The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in a way that, in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the community's well-being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers' attention. The Full Text
        Abstract                The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in a way that, in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the community's well-being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers' attention. The purpose of this study was to design a business model with an emphasis on social and environmental considerations. The present research is a practical purpose and the research organization of this research is the largest educational nongovernmental educational institution in Iran, which is active in the field of teaching and publishing study books and conducting program tests and academic planning. For this purpose, and as a research sample, 1,300 of the customer groups, including students, students and funded scholars, blind and disabled students, as well as groups of school builders, university dormitories and library were selected and reviewed. . Given the proposed values, the business model was presented in the social and environmental responsibility layers, so that in the new business model, the three proposed values ​​in the field of social responsibility include social justice (educational), special services for particular classes and promotion Commonly accepted values ​​of the community and two proposed environmental values, including the promotion of environmental protection and the use of green technologies Manuscript Document
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        2 - The Effects of Organizational Control Environment on Implementation of IT Control Processes
        Nader Rezaei
        The growing use of information technology solutions and applications in business operations has led to a growing need to implement appropriate control procedures. The implementation of IT control processes is affected by organizational control environment. This paper pr Full Text
        The growing use of information technology solutions and applications in business operations has led to a growing need to implement appropriate control procedures. The implementation of IT control processes is affected by organizational control environment. This paper presents the results of an experimental study exploring the influence of organizational control environment components on the domains of IT control processes. One hundred and ninety eight relatively experienced external and internal auditors and accounting managers responded to the mail survey. Results reveal the association between control environment components and IT control processes.The result of study indicates the relationships of control environment components and IT control processes domains. It also endorses the importance of control environment in the implementation of IT control processes. The findings of this study could help auditors and managers and other practitioners in designing and implementing information technology control systems. Manuscript Document
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        3 - A Centralized core Banking model in cloud environment
        Meysam Bayeriyar
        The network structure of banking systems each bank separately from a central management system and a channel management system. Branches users and customers through different systems to the channel and their request by the central system handled and processing by the ce Full Text
        The network structure of banking systems each bank separately from a central management system and a channel management system. Branches users and customers through different systems to the channel and their request by the central system handled and processing by the central system. But some banks don't has a central management system and have to use different systems, along with several service-providers to do things. this multiplicity of the system of service and , serving is real issue of this thesis, in which lead to various problems, over time, Including decentralization logical storage resources and application of the maximum processing capacity of the banking network. In this thesis is to increase efficiency and maximum use of processing capability and centralized storage systems in Cloud environments ,Different models were examined, and finally one of the proposed models is selected as the basic model and the necessary changes were done, the model is improved. In this study, the technical structure of the Bank has been studied. The Implementation of the proposed model, lead to increase efficiency, availability, and fault tolerance and reliability of the bank. With increasing flexibility, the bank is able to offer a more diverse service. Manuscript Document
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        4 - Investigation on Faculty Members’ Competency Model in Virtual Environment Comment by the Faculty Members and Students (Based on Ormaner’s Model)
        maghsod farasatkhah مریم  فرهنگی
        Virtual university, offering an appropriate model for its creation and e-Learning realization, is a significant issue that should be considered seriously by managers and higher education administrative. Higher education system, through virtual university development not Full Text
        Virtual university, offering an appropriate model for its creation and e-Learning realization, is a significant issue that should be considered seriously by managers and higher education administrative. Higher education system, through virtual university development not only could enhance the accessibility of people who interested in learning regardless of time and place constraints but also could full fill the issues such as developments of new strategies on leaning, representing the distinguished course materials, employed the outstanding faculty members, teaching and learning based on individuals ability, augmentation on effectiveness, increase the individual responsibility in learning (student base), learners society realizations and research association establishment. An attempt have been made to investigate the faculty members’ competencies in virtual environment. Considering a descriptive correlation type model and presenting a conceptual model four quarries utilized in order to assessing the model which Mehralborz university choose for field study and evaluating the practical results and their implementations. The questionnaire choose for purpose of data gathering which is checked and verified for validity and reliability and the produced results assessed in two stages. Using the check lists the most adapted competencies with model determined and by using three underlying factors they categorized in three groups. On the second stage, considering the competency discriminations the questionnaire handed out among the faculty members (all these people are working in the field of e-learning) and they gathered for analysis after questionnaires complementation. The results show that there is a significant correlation coefficient between the faculty members’ competency factors in virtual environment. Furthermore the dimensions and competency’s factor as well as students and teachers approach were examined and these two approaches were prioritized. Manuscript Document
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        5 - The role of companies on environmental pollution and its effects on women's health (Case study of female employees of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals)
        ِDavood HoseiniRad Hadi Abdi Ahmad Hashemi Mahdi Arshadi
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the Full Text
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the role, commitment, and support of petrochemicals on the health, health, and staffing of women in relation to pollution and its detrimental effects on the environment. Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. In this research, it is an applied research and a descriptive survey. Our statistical population consists of petrochemical workers in the south of the country who have been involved in bladder cancer and most of these patients are those whose working conditions are such that they should be kept in open space outside office sites and buildings. They are involved in industrial pollution such as green space, repairs, and so on. The statistical population of this study consisted of 58 patients who were selected using the Cochran formula. Accounting plays an important role in corporate social responsibility, environmental crises, existing standards and standards, revenues and costs, and insurance franchises. According to the results of the hypotheses, there is a direct relationship between the role and commitment of petrochemical managers due to its pollutants and its detrimental effects on the environment and the health and health of its female employees. Thus, the incidence of bladder cancer among petrochemical workers is directly related to their work environment. The results show that there is a direct and meaningful relationship between the role and social commitment of companies and the health and health of female employees and their environment. Therefore, managers should play an important role in reducing the illness and health of their employees with the responsibilities they are responsible for, as well as supporting their franchisees with an appropriate insurance franchise for their medical expenses. Manuscript Document
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        6 - Quantity and quality investigation of generated wastes at steel industries
        Zahra Zamiraei علی ناهد
        Regarding to the variety of uses of steel in the world and widening its scope of application with the advancement of technology, steel production has changed to keep pace with advances in technology, following the changes; producers have tried to raise productivity and Full Text
        Regarding to the variety of uses of steel in the world and widening its scope of application with the advancement of technology, steel production has changed to keep pace with advances in technology, following the changes; producers have tried to raise productivity and use of cheaper energy and fuels due to its geographical environment. There are the wastes in different stages of steelmaking (coke making, iron making and steelmaking). The generated wastes in this industry are with hazardous substances such as heavy metals, according to the classifications of the wastes, are classified as hazardous wastes. Therefore, identification and analysis and management of such waste in these industries are essential. The release of aforesaid hazardous wastes in nature can be had issues and problems for the environment and human health ultimately exceed the acceptable environmental conditions. The proper management of hazardous wastes in order to reduce and control pollution of the environment is utmost importance. Manuscript Document
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        7 - A review of widely used industrial dyes and their removal methods from water and wastewater
        Fariba Ostovar Marzieh Hasanzadeh
        In recent years, the expansion of industries has led to increase industrial wastewater production and environmental pollution. Dyes materials are one of the most important pollutants in industrial wastewater. Today, dyes are widely used in various industries such as tex Full Text
        In recent years, the expansion of industries has led to increase industrial wastewater production and environmental pollution. Dyes materials are one of the most important pollutants in industrial wastewater. Today, dyes are widely used in various industries such as textile, paper, leather, printing, and cosmetics. Drainage of colored wastewater does not only affect the aesthetic aspect of the receiving water but also reduces the process of photosynthesis. Also, the colors and their intermediate products are toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic for aquatic life. Most of these dyes cause skin allergies, dermatitis, and itching, and accelerate the incidence of cancer and mutation in humans. Therefore, industrial wastewaters containing dye need to be treated prior to discharge into the receiving environment. The purpose of this study was to provide a summary of the most important industrial dyes, the health and environmental effects of dyes as pollutants, and to describe the methods for their removal from water and wastewater. In this study, different dye removal methods such as biological, physical and surface adsorption methods were described and the best process for treatment of colored wastewater was introduced considering the economical cost. Manuscript Document
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        8 - Investigation of the trend of land use changes in Rey city using remote sensing data
        sara foroutan mahmoud shariat mirmasoud kheirkhah zarkesh rahim sarvar
        Rey city has experienced unprecedented urban growth in recent decades that leading to drastic changes in the land use of the region. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to investigate the changes in land use area of Rey city during the years 1988 to 2006 using ae Full Text
        Rey city has experienced unprecedented urban growth in recent decades that leading to drastic changes in the land use of the region. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to investigate the changes in land use area of Rey city during the years 1988 to 2006 using aerial photographs and satellite images of Landsat and IRS. With supervised and unsupervised classification of the satellite images, 4 land uses types including urban lands, agricultural lands, green spaces and barren lands were extracted. Land use layers were compared in pairs and the rate of land use changes was extracted. The results showed that urban land use made and urban green space have increased 369.7 and 55.6 hectares, respectively, and agricultural lands and barren lands have decreased 213.8 and 211.5 hectares, respectively. The growth of residential areas during a period of 6 years from 2000 to 2006 totally with 212.7 hectares has been faster changed than a period of 12 years from 1988 to 2000 with 157 hectares. A pairwise comparison matrix of land uses was used to determine the amount of environmental damages caused by unprincipled changes in the region land uses in the studying period. The results show that the conversion of barren lands, agriculture and urban green space into residential lands with the amounts 44.65, 42.44 and 14.85 causes high degree of environmental damages. Land use change, especially the loss of vegetation, has a negative impact on the landscape. Manuscript Document
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        9 - Cheese whey recycling, the right approach to prevent environmental damage
        Zahra  Katabehei Moradi Maryam  Haghighi khomami Hamed Kioumarsi hooshang dehghanzadeh saeed tamadoni jahromi
        Today, with increasing in production and diversity expansion of dairy products in factories and production of whey products, this food product has become very important. Whey is a water-soluble part of milk that is obtained by adding acid, heating, and coagulating the c Full Text
        Today, with increasing in production and diversity expansion of dairy products in factories and production of whey products, this food product has become very important. Whey is a water-soluble part of milk that is obtained by adding acid, heating, and coagulating the cheese. This yellow liquid contains a lot of lactose and mineral compounds such as calcium and phosphorus, which is important to achieve in order to use as a food source and prevent environmental pollution. Since the wastewaters of the dairy industry have the highest levels of contamination, if the untreated wastewaters of this industry are discharged, serious environmental problems will be inevitable. On the other hand, a reduction in existing reserves and environmental problems followed by increasing use of fossil fuels has prompted researchers to produce new sources of renewable energy, and it can be said that new biological technologies, such as the use of whey as a way to produce biofuels, reduces the environmental problems of dischrging this kind of wastewaters into nature. Today, using biological technology, these compounds can be used to produce biofuels such as hydrogen, methane, and ethanol. So far, various methods and tests have been performed to produce these fuel sources and in this study, the effective strategies for recycling whey and preventing environmental damages are investigated. Manuscript Document
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        10 - Identifying the factors affecting the formation of free innovation process in Iran Using fuzzy Delphi approach and Dematel technique
        ali asghar sadabadi mohammad sadegh khayyatian fatemeh mohammadi
        Free innovation is an important and evolving process in the domestic sector of national economies, leading to human prosperity and social welfare. The main purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting the process of forming free innovation in Iran with fuz Full Text
        Free innovation is an important and evolving process in the domestic sector of national economies, leading to human prosperity and social welfare. The main purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting the process of forming free innovation in Iran with fuzzy Delphi analysis and Dematel technique. The statistical population of the study is all experts in the field of free innovation that 12 experts from Shahid Beheshti, Allameh Tabatabai, Tehran, Imam Sadegh (AS) universities were selected and finally 12 Delphi questionnaires were completed and analyzed by the researcher. it placed. According to the results of fuzzy Delphi technique in the panel of experts, 8 components affecting the formation of free innovation process were identified and classified into three main groups. Then, in order to investigate the effect and effectiveness of the subcomponents, these factors were measured by the dimethyl technique. The results show that among the three factors affecting the formation of the free innovation process, the environmental factor has the most impact and individual and contextual factors are in the next ranks. Also, among the 8 sub-components, the factor of culture of understanding and supporting innovation has the most impact among other factors Manuscript Document
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        11 - Social responsibilities in scientific-educational organizations: how to redesign the business model
        reza abbasi hosein sormeh
        The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in away that ,in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the commuintys well- being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers attentino. The purpose of this study was Full Text
        The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in away that ,in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the commuintys well- being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers attentino. The purpose of this study was to redesign the business model with an emphasis an social and environmental considerations at scientific and educational organizations. The present research is a practical purpose and the research organization of this research is the largest educational nongovernmental educational institution in Iran, which is active in the field of teaching and publishing study books and conucting program tests and academic planning. For this purpose and as a research sample, 1300 of the customer groups including students, students and funded scholars, blind and disabled students as well as groups of school builders, university dormitories and libraries were Selected and reviewed. Given the proposed values, the business model was presented in the social and environmental responsibility layers, so that in the new business model, the three proposed values in the field of social responsibility include social justice (educational), special services for particular classes and promotion Commonly accepted values of the community and two proposed environmental values, including the promotion of environmental protection and the use of green technologies. Manuscript Document
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        12 - Gender and the Urban Environment Perception; Notions and factors
        علی رضا بندرآباد
        Gender differences in urban public spaces can be the source of many factors affecting the quality of urban environment. A review of this proposition requires an accurate understanding of the concept of urban perception. Interpretation of what our sensory receptors have Full Text
        Gender differences in urban public spaces can be the source of many factors affecting the quality of urban environment. A review of this proposition requires an accurate understanding of the concept of urban perception. Interpretation of what our sensory receptors have received from the surrounding environment takes place in the brain. This act is called perception that leads to recognition. The research seeks to answer the question of how the gender differences of citizens can change sensory perception and ultimately their perception of the urban environment and what are the factors and notions of this kind of perception? The main method of research in this article is the descriptive method, along with analyzing the content of qualitative content and analyzing the data extracted by field studies method. An analysis of the content of research and theories on the factors derived from gender differences has also been part of the research method. After designing the conceptual model of the research, the findings of this study shows that Gender differences are manifested in three-dimensional perceptions, city-centered navigation, environment image ability, mapping skills, and ultimately routing and way finding. Therefore, these components can be regarded as the main notions of perceptual differences in urban environments. Of course, all of this is due to differences in the structure of the human brain, which can be altered for both women and men. Another important point before the perception of the environment is the sense of the environment that is received by our five senses and as a result, the ideas of this study add to the difference in the use of sensory, tactile, auditory, olfactory and taste (with varying degrees of importance) among men and women. Manuscript Document
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        13 - Land evaluation - Environmental land suitability for urban land planning (Case Study: District 22 of Tehran)
        amir karam ensiyeh mihanparast
        Rapid growth of urbanization and increase of population in the recent decades along reactive planning (in sense of urban planning after occurrence of crises and urban challenges, not before occurrence of crises) of urban districts and metropolitan in order to serve desi Full Text
        Rapid growth of urbanization and increase of population in the recent decades along reactive planning (in sense of urban planning after occurrence of crises and urban challenges, not before occurrence of crises) of urban districts and metropolitan in order to serve desirable services to citizens and the peoples going to cities and extent them, has encountered a problem. In this research , by using the multi criteria techniques and analytic hierarchy process of geo – environmental evaluation for urban land planning with use of geographical information system of zone of 22 has been used .according to this research, effective criteria of land suitability of land planning is divided in to 9 criteria , slop, height , geology , land use , land unit , distance from river, distance from fault , distance from road .the 5 main land uses are high rise building , multistory building , low rise building natural conservation, recreate . the results show that the results show that 19.3 percent area of zone is suitable for high rise building, and 15.28 percent suitable for low rise building. the spatial distribution is of these zones is from north to south and southeast. Suitable area for natural conservation is about 17.6 percent, and 23.33 percent area appropriated for recreation. The conformity of existing building with the suitability maps for the 5 main land uses shows that there are some areas of conformity, but in the other areas, there is unconformity. Manuscript Document
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        14 - Synoptic analysis of extreme and widespread precipitations in Caspian western coasts by emphasis on patterns of sea level pressure
         
        In this research, for synoptic analysis of extreme and widespread precipitations in Caspian western coasts, we interpolated and traced the daily isohyet maps from 1340.1.1 to 1383.11.10 (15992 days) on the 14*14 km pixels by Kriging method and by use of daily precipitat Full Text
        In this research, for synoptic analysis of extreme and widespread precipitations in Caspian western coasts, we interpolated and traced the daily isohyet maps from 1340.1.1 to 1383.11.10 (15992 days) on the 14*14 km pixels by Kriging method and by use of daily precipitation data base of this region. These data provided the data of 48 studied local points for 15992 days to calculate maximum precipitation and area percent under precipitation for every precipitation day. On this basis, we identified the most extreme and the most widespread of region precipitations on the basis of 99th centile base index for studying and analyzing. By applying environment- circulation approach and agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis by “Ward” method on the maps of sea level pressure, we could identify three circulation patterns which were effective and important for creating the extreme and widespread precipitations of Caspian western coasts. In continuation, for analyzing the precipitations in every pattern, the representative day defined on the basis of correlation coefficient with 95% threshold and in these days, sea level pressure maps, atmosphere thickness in 500-1000 hpa levels, functions of frontogenesis and humidity convergence flux traced and analyzed for 500, 600, 700, 850, 925 and 1000 hpa levels. The results of this research indicate the presence of high pressure system in the occurring time of patterns of sea level pressure on the Black sea. The average of received water volume of region is 906.9 million m3 in every three patterns which is a considerable number. The study of atmosphere thickness patterns indicate the relatively deep trough on the Caspian Sea. The analysis of frontogenesis function maps in the Caspian western coasts confirm the existence of front core on the Caspian Sea and around it too. The analysis of humidity convergence flux indicate that Caspian sea is the most important source of providing the humidity of western coasts precipitations of this sea, and Black sea is in the next importance ranking. Manuscript Document
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        15 - The Role of Environmental and Physical in Urban Security
           
        According to the security of its non-police aspect, it is a new phenomenon and generally a lack of studies in this area is obvious. The roots of some crimes and a feeling of insecure is due to a lack of attention of urban planners and managers. The big issue in terms of Full Text
        According to the security of its non-police aspect, it is a new phenomenon and generally a lack of studies in this area is obvious. The roots of some crimes and a feeling of insecure is due to a lack of attention of urban planners and managers. The big issue in terms of security and the prevention of critical events and crime is whether the big cities, have provided such conditions? This study aimed to understand the role of different factors and the physical environment and its impact on security. The research method is a combination of descriptive - analytic. This article attempts to answer these questions:1- Does the combination of environmental and physical factors is effective in security of urban areas? 2. Is the composition and distribution of urban land use surrounding public spaces in the study area is effective to increase urban security? The study area is District 8 of Tehran. Information required is obtained by library and field observation. Analysis of the data is done via SPSS software and Minitabs and GIS. The results indicate that the local security as well as environmental and physical differences in them is different. Also 13 neighborhood of district 8 of Tehran in terms of security and the individual components of research were ranked. Security in those public spaces which have diverse and mix urban land-use, compared to other similar places that have lack of diversity and mix urban land use were different. Manuscript Document
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        16 - Environmental security and national security in the context of cross-border hydropolitics developments (Case Study: Harirud)
        hassan kamran    
        Considered the most important environmental issues of our time, the water crisis and security challenges arising from it. Water is the source of production, effort and civilization, and life and death and not to be dependent on it. In situations where conflicts over wat Full Text
        Considered the most important environmental issues of our time, the water crisis and security challenges arising from it. Water is the source of production, effort and civilization, and life and death and not to be dependent on it. In situations where conflicts over water resources are increasingly caused tension in the relations between states, increasing attention to issues of rivers, the importance of finding increasingly, we are seeing increased emphasis and hydro disputes among nations. Iran, through common border rivers is no exception. The river Harirud common rivers including Iran, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan lie that originates from Afghanistan. This is the most important source of water utility is the North East of Iran. This article is a descriptive study, with an emphasis on geographical and political issues, seeks to answer the question whether hydro-border development and utilization of Salma dam in Afghanistan can be a challenge for security, environmental and national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran is? And in case of challenges, approaches and Proper management what is it? Findings from the study indicate that according to Salma dam upstream position with respect to the seasonality factor Harirud water, can be the subject of environmental security, and from the perspective of national security, given the prospect of big cities northeastern dependence on water resources and the high risk of water security of the country, can be challenging. The challenges to Proper management, to look at the system, in the form of legal approaches, economic and political, are essential. Manuscript Document
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        17 - Evaluation of social housing and the effective factors in housing provision for low income classes(a case study :Eslamshahr)
        محسن  سقایی ahmad mozeni amir sanaeirad
        In recent years, following the main political, economical and social changes, cities and towns have expanded which resulted in lack of sufficient housing and proper lands for urban development. Therefore, governments have always been focusing on housing projects Full Text
        In recent years, following the main political, economical and social changes, cities and towns have expanded which resulted in lack of sufficient housing and proper lands for urban development. Therefore, governments have always been focusing on housing projects. One of these projects is the social housing designed by governments for the low-income classes. For this purpose, the present research study was carried out with the aim of studying the social housing situation in Eslamshahr and the effective factors, by means of a questionnaire, one-sample t-test and structural equation modeling. The findings demonstrate that the social housing policy couldn’t solve the housing problem of the low-income classes in Eslamshahr and the satisfaction level of the people with the social housing is low. Findings of the study show that social houses in Eslamshahr aren’t in favored conditions. These houses are not well-conditioned in terms of the four criteria of interior construction, safety, environmental situation, and access to municipal services. However, by accurate categorization of the low-income classes, allocation of sufficient and necessary funds, careful studies to choose a place to build the houses, proper design of interior space of the houses, improvement of service providing, and taking environmental factors into consideration, we can take a big step to improve and remove the housing problem of low-income classes in Eslamshahr. Manuscript Document
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        18 - Historical Factors Influencing the New Rural Management in Taleqan Area
        farhad azizpour masoumeh rafie
        This article is studies historical factors that influences on rural management in Iran. Studied area of Taleghan city, located in Alborz province. In addition, hangers and requirements analyzed that affect the underlying mechanism of the phenomenon under investigation. Full Text
        This article is studies historical factors that influences on rural management in Iran. Studied area of Taleghan city, located in Alborz province. In addition, hangers and requirements analyzed that affect the underlying mechanism of the phenomenon under investigation. Analysis of texts applied regarding the research problem and its purpose (historical analysis), the target community (Taleghan area). Among the historical sources related to the target community, ten sources examined. Research indicated that new rural management system weakened because of two categories of conditions (rugged topography and mountainous position, political-spatial isolation, and domination of the subsistence-based livelihoods economy) and interactive (domination of isolationism, religious fundamentalism, conservatism the villagers, the tendency toward supernatural beliefs, and independence and supremacy) and the consequences of them in the form of Self-control and Discrete action. Accordingly, in creating and effective rural modern management, attention to the cultural characteristics of the rural communities that affect the environmental perception of the villagers and their actions should emphasize. Manuscript Document
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        19 - Investigating the Impact of Border Markets
          roonak ghaffari  
        Eliminating rural areas, in addition to improving the quality of livelihood of villagers, will have a positive and favorable reflection on neighboring countries. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the status of habitat of Dazli Full Text
        Eliminating rural areas, in addition to improving the quality of livelihood of villagers, will have a positive and favorable reflection on neighboring countries. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the status of habitat of Dazli rural district and Khavmirabad rural district in the west of Kurdistan province. The method of doing research is descriptive-analytic. Data gathering was done using documentary and field resources based on a questionnaire and interview. The statistical population of this research consists of 4032 households. According to the corrected formula of Cochran, 260 families were selected as sample size. Sampling was done by stratified sampling and data analysis was done using SPSS software. The findings of the research indicate that the establishment of the market on the environmental and physical dimensions of the studied villages has had a positive and significant impact on the previous period. Also, the impact of border markets on the rural housing index and the value of agricultural land had a greater effect. Manuscript Document
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        20 - Assessing the Social and Physical Environment Quality of Residential Neighborhoods with Residential Satisfaction approach (Case study: Rasht Township)
        Shamila Allahyari Asli Arde Maryam Jafari Mehrabadi Asqar Shokrgozar
        Measuring residential quality as an important part of quality of life is a tool for evaluating urban planning and policymaking to provide a platform for future actions. Therefore, this research focuses on the quality of social and physical environment of residential nei Full Text
        Measuring residential quality as an important part of quality of life is a tool for evaluating urban planning and policymaking to provide a platform for future actions. Therefore, this research focuses on the quality of social and physical environment of residential neighborhoods in Rasht city which has been done by descriptive-analytical method and using a residential satisfaction approach in the form of field survey completion. The reliability of the questionnaire was measured by Cronbach's alpha and the data were analyzed using SPSS software and statistical methods such as path analysis and One-sample T-test. Given the results, in social environment, indicators of vitality of neighborhood and thrust to sellers are at a desirable level and indicators of right of children, right of animal and continue living with acquiring better economic conditions are undesirable and in physical environment, indicators of cleanliness of passages and cleanliness of residents in neighborhood are above the average level of quality and indicators of urban furniture quality, existence of trees alongside of streets, safety related to car travelling, pavements and asphalt of pathways and beauty of outside and appearance of the buildings in neighborhood are undesirable. In general, residents are satisfied with the social environment but are dissatisfied with the physical environment. In social environment, right of children and meets expectations by neighborhood and in physical environment, cleanliness of residents and outside beauty of the buildings in neighborhood were respectively important according to the residents. In general, in viewpoint of residents, the importance of the social environment and the physical environment to be approximately equal. Manuscript Document
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        21 - Tehran-North freeway role on the development in rural settlements
        Nasr Allah Fallah tabar
        Research suggests that sustainable development covers different economic, social, tourist, physical and environmental components. One of the important elements in this relationship is physical changes and land use and creating transport and its impact on rural settle Full Text
        Research suggests that sustainable development covers different economic, social, tourist, physical and environmental components. One of the important elements in this relationship is physical changes and land use and creating transport and its impact on rural settlements. So many parts of our country because of these changes have economic, social and environmental developments. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of creating freeway on the development of villages and path settlements and identifying and providing appropriate solutions in the following areas: Environmental, demographic, animal ecology, social structure, industry, service, meadows and forests, geology, agriculture, land, livestock, tourism, economic, traffic and transport structure and management by using AHP method. Research theory suggests that freeway has positive impact on passing rural settlements and creates environmental effects and changes to the area under the influence. The research method is descriptive - analytical and with functional goal and from field studies in the form of observation, interviews, questionnaires, providing photographs and videos have been used. It is concluded that there are many villages which were impasse in path, and were leading only through local way to other villages, districts, counties and cities, after construction of freeway and its evolution, they were connected to the main artery and moreover this flow has its remarkable developments in areas under the influence, it has least environmental damage. Manuscript Document
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        22 - The relationship of crime and geography
        nemat nhrughe Farhad allahverdi mahdi kazemi
        Today, it is one of the applied disciplines in forensic science and geography. Geography is referred to as a fundamental scientific discipline, because of the phenomena and processes that we go through we have to talk about the place where it was created and expanded an Full Text
        Today, it is one of the applied disciplines in forensic science and geography. Geography is referred to as a fundamental scientific discipline, because of the phenomena and processes that we go through we have to talk about the place where it was created and expanded and eventually left or disappeared and its location conditions. To identify. One of these phenomena is "crime or crime". The existence and manner of crime in different places varies. So that the "conditions of place" are of great importance in the presence and absence, expansion or non-spread of mass. However, we must bear in mind that every place in different economic, cultural, political, and environmental dimensions has various components and variables that directly or indirectly influence the amount of spatial weight or location power. Therefore, the greater the power of the place, the less likely the crime will be. This fundamental article, with a descriptive-analytical approach, seeks to express the relationship between crime and geography, especially in the big cities of the present age. The importance of the research is that by explaining the relevant theories and perspectives it seeks to answer the question why crime is increasing in some places and in others it is decreasing. In fact, we seek to prove the hypothesis that there is a strong relationship between geographic space and crime that criminals screen their first thoughts in the context of the subject before considering committing the crime, taking into account the location conditions. Manuscript Document
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        23 - The effect of satisfaction on behavioral intentions of pro-environmental tourists (Case Study: Taq Bostan Kermanshah)
        سمانه جلیلی صدر آباد ebrahim nazari
        Tourism is one of the most important sectors of the economy in terms of its economic impacts for its intended purpose. Along with the relentless competition between places (tourist destinations), attracting and sustaining tourists is of paramount importance to governmen Full Text
        Tourism is one of the most important sectors of the economy in terms of its economic impacts for its intended purpose. Along with the relentless competition between places (tourist destinations), attracting and sustaining tourists is of paramount importance to government and non-state actors. In the field of tourism. The researcher in this paper seeks to investigate the effect of satisfaction on behavioral intentions of pro-environmental tourists. According to the experts, satisfaction has been measured in several dimensions, in this study 5 indicators of enjoyment, needs fulfillment, confidence and trust, re-referral and wise selection. This study is of practical purpose in terms of qualitative - quantitative and data mix. In terms of research method, it is based on data type (qualitative stage) and cross-sectional survey (quantitative stage). The statistical sample of the qualitative section consisted of 21 tourism professors and 9 experts and managers of the Cultural Heritage and Urban Development Organization. In the quantitative section, the statistical population includes all tourists who visited Kermanshah for one year and finally 381 people were selected according Morgan table. The results of Amos analysis confirmed all the research hypotheses and showed that satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on the behavioral intentions of the tourists and its coefficient was 0.83. Given that this coefficient is positive, its effect is direct, that is, by changing one unit (increase), satisfaction increases by 0.86 percent of behavioral intentions. Therefore, satisfaction has a direct and positive impact on the behavioral intentions of tourists. Manuscript Document
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        24 - Study of arsenic contamination soil and water resources of coalmining region Sangrood loshan
        فرزاد  ستوهیان Mohsen  Ranjbaran Saeed Sharifi
        Environmental pollution caused by coal mining operation sharmful and toxic elements Sangrood series with the release of mineral processing and tailings deposit sit into the hydrological system (surface and underground) and soil is. Complications such as ulceration, skin Full Text
        Environmental pollution caused by coal mining operation sharmful and toxic elements Sangrood series with the release of mineral processing and tailings deposit sit into the hydrological system (surface and underground) and soil is. Complications such as ulceration, skin damage and cancers of the nasal tract can be dangerous due to high levels of arsenic in drinking water, especially in these areas. The aim of the present study was to investigate the environmental effect of Arsenic on Sangrood loshan mine which is one of the active mines in province. Sampling was done on 60 soil types and 14 water samples in 4 stations in the mine zone. The results of the present study showed that the level of Arsenic element in the sampling stations is more than standard level and permissible limit. Sulfur content of the coal in this area have been moderate to high mainly pyrite. Arsenic concentration sin soils greater than rocks. Many compounds are readily soluble in water and can contaminate water. Manuscript Document
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        25 - Stratigraphy and depositional environments of the Shurijeh Formation in Baghak, Mozduran sections and Khangiran well, east of Kopet Dagh Basin
        امیرمحمد  جمالي Ahmad Ahmadi Khalaji Samaneh Falah
        Late Cimmerian tectonic phase was the main cause for depositing terrigenous-evaporite sediments of the Shurijeh Formation in large area of eastern and central part of Kopet Dagh Basin during Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous. In order to recognize facies changes and depos Full Text
        Late Cimmerian tectonic phase was the main cause for depositing terrigenous-evaporite sediments of the Shurijeh Formation in large area of eastern and central part of Kopet Dagh Basin during Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous. In order to recognize facies changes and depositional environments of the Shurijeh Formation in east of the Kopet Dagh, 3 stratigraphic sections including Baghak and Mozduran surface sections and a well from Khangiran gas field were selected and studied. Field surveys together with microscopic studies of 311 thin sections reveal that depositional environment of the lower part of the Shurijeh Formation is mainly interpreted as fluvial environment, especially braided and meandering rivers. In the upper part of this formation, coastal plain and tidal flat facies, which locally contain lagoon and shoal sediments, are observed. Manuscript Document
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        26 - Cruziana ichnofacies from Nayband Formation (Late Triassic) in the Parvadeh section, Southwest Tabas, East central Iran
        Nasrollah Abbassi Mohamad ghavidel Morteza Yosefi Navid Navidi Izad
        Nayband Formation is composed of sandstone, coal bearing shales, siltstone, and fossiliferous limestone in the southwest Tabas section, east central Iran. In this section, it is 1410 m in thickness and Late Triassic in age. A divers trace fossils have been found in the Full Text
        Nayband Formation is composed of sandstone, coal bearing shales, siltstone, and fossiliferous limestone in the southwest Tabas section, east central Iran. In this section, it is 1410 m in thickness and Late Triassic in age. A divers trace fossils have been found in the middle parts of sequence as 400-600 m. These trace fossils include Lockeia isp., Palaeophycus tubularis, Palaeophycus striatus, Planolites beverleyensis, Rhizocorallium isp., Rosselia isp., and cf. Treptichnus isp. This ichnoassemblage is attributable to Cruziana ichnofacies with presence of Lockeia isp., Rhizocorallium isp., and, Rosselia isp. This part of Nayband Formation was deposited in low energy conditions below fair-weather wave base. Manuscript Document
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        27 - Microfacies, sedimentary environment and sequence stratigraphy of the Qom Formation in East Siyah Kuh surface section (South of Garmsar)
        Mahmoud Jalali Mahmoud Jalali محمد حسين  آدابي
        This paper represents the sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Oligo-Miocene shallow water carbonate succession of the Qom Formation, east of Kuh Siah outcrop (South of Garmmsar). The study is based on the lithosratigraphy, biostratigraphic framework (in the contex Full Text
        This paper represents the sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Oligo-Miocene shallow water carbonate succession of the Qom Formation, east of Kuh Siah outcrop (South of Garmmsar). The study is based on the lithosratigraphy, biostratigraphic framework (in the context of European standard biozonation), microfacies, paleoenvironmental interpretation and sequence srtatgraphic concepts. In this section, only f to c1 members of the Qom Formation can be differentiated. The biostrtigraphic results revealed that the benthic foraminiferal composition of the studied section has close affinities with coeval assemblages in Western Tethys and the Middle East. The larger foraminifera associations in the Qom Formation mark the SBZ 23 to 25 zones, referring to a time span from the late Chattian to Burdigalian. Based on the micropaleontological studies, the age of late Chattian (SBZ 23) is ascribed to c1 member which previously considered as Aquitanian, in East of Siah Kuh surface section. Sedimentary environment of the Qom Formation is related to a carbonate ramp platform. Based on sedimentary texture and percentage of skeletal and non skeletal allochems, 1 lithofacies and 13 microfacies from inner to outer ramp were determined. The sequence stratigraphic studies led to the determination of four 3rd order sequences. The first sequence with the Chattian age includes c1 and c2 members. The second sequence with the Aquitanian age includes c3, c4 and d members. The e and f members belong to third and fourth sequences with the age of Burdigalian. Manuscript Document
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        28 - Microfacies, Sedimentary Environment and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Qom Formation, Deh Namak, Northwest of Garmsar
        Jahanbakhsh Daneshian  Asadi Mehmandosti yousef ramezani
        Deh Namak section is exposed along the most northern point of the Qom Formation, where the Central Iran zone and Alborz zone come together. The study of microfacies, sedimentary environments and sequence stratigraphic features of the Qom Formation in this area can h Full Text
        Deh Namak section is exposed along the most northern point of the Qom Formation, where the Central Iran zone and Alborz zone come together. The study of microfacies, sedimentary environments and sequence stratigraphic features of the Qom Formation in this area can help to understand the situation of the Qom sedimentary basin in the northern part, bordering the Alborz zone. 166 samples of the Qom Formation in Deh Namak section in the northwest of Garmsar are investigated. Microfacies analysis of these sedimentary rocks indicates that according to sedimentary environment they consist of nine microfacies belonging to four facies belts including tidal flat, agoon, shoal/reef sediments and slope of platform. Due to the absence of the gravitational and turbidity sediments and abundance of reef/shoal sediments, a rimmed carbonate shelf depositional environment is suggested in which more sediments were precipitated in shallow water. In this model, deep facies of the basin did not spread and the deepest facies belong to the slope. Also, sequence stratigraphic studies show that the Deh Namak section is composed of four sedimentary sequences of third- order, two types II and one type I sequence boundaries were recognized in this formation. Manuscript Document
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        29 - Microfacies and sedimentary environment of the Maastrichtian deposits in Jorbat Stratigraphic section, west of Kopet Dagh
        Yadolah Ezampanah Mahmoud Jalali محمد حسين  آدابي امیرمحمد  جمالي
        To determine microfacies and depositional subenvironments of the Maastrichtian deposits in the western part of the Kopet-Dagh Basin, one stratigraphic section, has been selected and analysed. In this section which is located 9.5 kms N-NW of Jorbat, Maastrichtian deposit Full Text
        To determine microfacies and depositional subenvironments of the Maastrichtian deposits in the western part of the Kopet-Dagh Basin, one stratigraphic section, has been selected and analysed. In this section which is located 9.5 kms N-NW of Jorbat, Maastrichtian deposits are composed of two formations including Kalat (282 m thickness) and Chakhmaghlo (77 m thickness). The Kalat Formation consists of bioclastic and sandy limestone and the Chakhmaghlo Formation is composed of shale, marl, limestone and argillaceous limestone. Based on field observations and also petrographic studies, the lower boundary of the Kalat Formation with the Abderaz Formation is disconformable. The lower boundary of the Chakhmaghlo Formation with the Kalat Formation is gradual and conformable, while its upper contact with the Paleocene Pesteligh Formation is disconformable. Petrographic studies in Maastrichtian deposits led to recognition of 16 microfacies. These microfacies deposited in 5 facies belts including tidal flat, lagoon, shoal, reef and fore reef subenvironments in a carbonate platform. Manuscript Document
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        30 - Microfacies and petrofacies analysis, diagenetic characteristics and environmental condition of the Faraghan Formation in the central part of the Persian Gulf
        Javad Amraei Peyman Rezaei Abdol-Hossein  Amini, Seyed Mohad Zamanzadeh وحید توکلی
        Clastic deposits of the Faraghan Formation (Late Permian, Sakmarian) are present in different outcrops in the Zagros area and some wells in the Persian Gulf Basin. The presence of these clastics represents the existence of an extended clastic system on the north-east of Full Text
        Clastic deposits of the Faraghan Formation (Late Permian, Sakmarian) are present in different outcrops in the Zagros area and some wells in the Persian Gulf Basin. The presence of these clastics represents the existence of an extended clastic system on the north-east of the Arabian plate. The Faraghan Formation unconformably overlies Zakeen sandstone (Devonian) and grades upward into Dalan carbonate (Upper Permian). To study the Faraghan Formation some thin sections were prepared from cuttings of some wells in the central part of the Persian Gulf and then they were studied. Results show of this study that the Faraghan Formation consists of quartz arenite, sandy siltstone and sandy claystone petrofacies and carbonate mudstone, bioclast wackestone and bioclast packstone microfacies. Based on sedimentary characteristics and spatial relationships between the petrofacies, this formation was deposited on a linear shoreface environment (floodplain, shoreface and offshore sub-environments). Main diagenetic processes consist of compaction, dissolution, cementation, neomorphism, sericitization and dolomitization. Heterogeneity of the Faraghan Formation lithology and variety of environmental conditions and diagenetic features make this formation a good candidate for hydrocarbon reservoir studies. Manuscript Document
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        31 - Microfacies and sedimentary environment of Lower Cretaceous deposits in Qumenjan section, south west of Qayen
        Hourieh Zarei Seyed Naser Raisossadat    
        In order to study the Lower Cretaceous deposits, Qumenjan section has been selected and measured. Field and lab studies of the Lower Cretaceous deposits in this section reveal a gradual change of the depositional setting, from a fluvial depositional system (continental Full Text
        In order to study the Lower Cretaceous deposits, Qumenjan section has been selected and measured. Field and lab studies of the Lower Cretaceous deposits in this section reveal a gradual change of the depositional setting, from a fluvial depositional system (continental environment) to a mixed siliciclastic- carbonate ramp (marine environment). The continental deposits of the studied section include conglomerate and sandstone lithofacies that are deposited in a proximal gravel- bed braided river. In the studied sedimentary sequence, the marine siliciclastic- carbonate facies associations are formed in three tidal flat, lagoon and shoal facies belt in the inner and mid ramp setting. Manuscript Document
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        32 - The assessment of freezing-thawing index of aggregates in various environments of Northwest Direh catchment, Kermenshah Province
        کاظم  بهرامي Seyed Mahmoud  Fatemi Aghda Ali  Noorzad Mehdi  Talkhablou
        Considering the effects of geological environments of natural aggregates accumulation on the weight loss rate of aggregates resulted from freezing-thawing, the relationship between geological environments and the weight loss rate of aggregates has been investigated in t Full Text
        Considering the effects of geological environments of natural aggregates accumulation on the weight loss rate of aggregates resulted from freezing-thawing, the relationship between geological environments and the weight loss rate of aggregates has been investigated in this study. The lithology of upstream catchment was the same (thick Asmari limestone) for all aggregates samples. Samples were gathered from 2 taluses, 12 fans and 3 river beds. Samples were transferred to laboratory and then the weight loss rate (in accordance with tex-432- A standard) and the jointing intensity were measured. Based on the results, colluvial environments (taluses) have the highest weight loss rate (14% for size of 16-19 mm) and river environments have the lowest weight loss rate (less than 1% for size of 2.36-4.75 mm). The aggregates of alluvial fans have the intermediate amount compared to two previous environments. In alluvial fan aggregates, the weight loss rate decreases when the area and length of main stream of catchments increases. Also, aggregates size affects the weight loss rate so that increase in the size of aggregate causes the rise in weight loss. Relationship between aggregate size and weight loss rate is affected by geological environments. The difference of weight loss between fine and coarse aggregates is high in talus environments as well as alluvial fans with small catchments, while it is less in river beds and fans with large catchments. In fact, the size effect of aggregate on weight loss decreases or eliminated in river beds and fans. Manuscript Document
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        33 - Ecosophy and Ibn Arabi Application Divine Names and Attributes Marriage’s
           
        Ecosophy is an interdisciplinary science that is formed of the combination of two natural and epistemological areas. A discussion of the noms (divines) and attributes of God marriage is a mystical discussion, but in this article we intend to use in the environmental fie Full Text
        Ecosophy is an interdisciplinary science that is formed of the combination of two natural and epistemological areas. A discussion of the noms (divines) and attributes of God marriage is a mystical discussion, but in this article we intend to use in the environmental field. Our aim in this research is the application of this doctrine in the field of environmental ethics and extraction of teachings of the related to environmental issues. The fundamental issue in the research is the explanation of status Nature in Ibn Arabi and discussion of the noms (divines) and attributes of God marriage and how will be done mystical teachings of the environmental ethics. In this article has been used descriptive –analytic method. Outcome of this research, true respect for nature by man that has intrinsic value as a sacred being Manuscript Document
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        34 - Divine Paradigm Explanation for Environment and Natural Resources Preservation Education
        Mansour shahvali  
        Environment and Natural resources destruction is rooted in modern man’ paradigm and his relationship with himself and the universe. This happened because of technology intensive use as well as ignorance of traditions; however, these two led to environmental crisis. To r Full Text
        Environment and Natural resources destruction is rooted in modern man’ paradigm and his relationship with himself and the universe. This happened because of technology intensive use as well as ignorance of traditions; however, these two led to environmental crisis. To resolve this problem, the mankind must change his behavior morally according to a divine paradigm. In this study, Two methods were used: the document review method was to study natural resources preservation education literatures. The explanation method was used to explain why we need a divine paradigm for preservation of natural resources education .The outcomes of this study are explaining ontology, epistemology, methodology, anthropology and axiology of divine paradigm for preservation of Environment and natural resources education. Although the various ways are recommended to prevent crises in natural resources context however, Environment and natural resources researchers and planners believe that relying only on technical advices is not essentially applicable. Because these crises represent a human tragedy: ignorance of God Who is creator of the universe. For this reason a divine paradigm based on "Analytical/scientific knowledge", "Metaphysical Knowledge" and "Religious/ethical Knowledge" is essential. This paradigm can be used by planners and officials for preservation of Environment and natural resources education. Manuscript Document
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        35 - Right to a healthy environment in the light of the principles of jurisprudence and ethics
        Mohsen Emami Gheshlagh Seyyed Mohammad  Hashemi Mohsen  Mohebbi Vali  Rostami
        Today, the spread of science and technology and, consequently, of the industry, despite the granting of peace and prosperity to humans, have caused destruction, pollution and harm and the creation of environmental crises. An environment which is the basis of social, eco Full Text
        Today, the spread of science and technology and, consequently, of the industry, despite the granting of peace and prosperity to humans, have caused destruction, pollution and harm and the creation of environmental crises. An environment which is the basis of social, economic and political life, is necessary for the survival of every human being and as a platform for human life and its means of evolution, in the jurisprudential and moral discourse, a reasonable capacity for research in order to protect it as the human right and duty of the human community has it. In this regard, in order to achieve healthy environment and its importance, there are two approaches. In the first approach, for nature, as divine value is intrinsic and nature itself is discussed, but in the second approach, the necessity of preserving the nature as a tool for use In this article, the authors, while believing in the first approach, seek to explain the ethics of the environment by emphasizing the jurisprudential and moral teachings in order to protect it as a fundamental human right. Manuscript Document
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        36 - The Role of Ethics in Implementation of Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) by Companies Acquired in Tehran Stock Exchange
        Jamal  Mohammadi Ali  Khozain
        The new language of financial reporting in the new age is Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL). It is a powerful tool, efficiency and effectiveness of the financial reporting process makes it easy. And process data acquisition and transparency in the disclosure Full Text
        The new language of financial reporting in the new age is Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL). It is a powerful tool, efficiency and effectiveness of the financial reporting process makes it easy. And process data acquisition and transparency in the disclosure improves. The present study examines the role of ethics in implementing the extensible business reporting language (XBRL) by listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange.The method of the research is descriptive – correlation.The study Statistical Society is financial managers of listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange and is a member of the Iranian Association of Certified Public Accountants, Among all subjects 120 participants were selected by simple random sampling .The data gathering tool was a questionnaire.In order to analyze the data, binomial test, t test, Wilcoxon test, one sample, and Kolmogrov-Smirnov test were used.The findings of the research show that ethics is effective in accelerating the implementation of the Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) by listed companies in the Tehran Stock Exchange. The factors: environmental, organizational, corporate governance, and Technology are Influencing Financial Reporting in Implementing This Language.Since there is no legal requirement for implementation of the Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) for listed companies in the Tehran Stock Exchange, ethics as the main factor can be effective in implementing this financial reporting language in order to clarify the information. Manuscript Document
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        37 - Developing Critical Thinking Skills in Multicultural Learning Environments Based on Constructivism
        iraj hidari mohammad sifie hosain moradimokles
        Today, the proper and effective use of multimedia learning environments requires the design, compilation, and integration of the components of the field of science education. One of the main components that has been overlooked in these softwares is the critical thinking Full Text
        Today, the proper and effective use of multimedia learning environments requires the design, compilation, and integration of the components of the field of science education. One of the main components that has been overlooked in these softwares is the critical thinking component. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the curriculum of the sixth elementary school curriculum based on the constructivist approach (Van Morinbour's multimedia model) and its impact on critical thinking skills in two interpretive and inferential areas. This research was carried out in two phases. In the first phase, the curriculum was designed and prepared with the emphasis on interpretive and inferential skills based on the Van Mearburn multimedia model. In the second stage, the effect of the application of the educational package prepared on the basis of interpretive and inferential skills was assessed by semi-experimental and based on pre-test and post-test design. The results showed that the teaching of thinking and research based on the educational package prepared on experimental and experimental inferential skills had a significant effect (P <0.05). According to the results of the research, the application of the curriculum of thinking and research with constructivist approach increases the skills of critical thinking in two areas of interpretive skill and inferential skills of learners Manuscript Document
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        38 - Examining Ethical Ethical Patterns from the Point of View And judicial procedures in the international system
        Seyyed Hossein  Mousavi Seyyed Baqer  Mir Abbasi Mahmoud  Bagheri
        International law, which in the beginning looked at the relations between countries, today has paid attention to the dimensions of a wide range of human beings. Today, the deterioration of environmental crises is to a large extent endangered human life and other creatur Full Text
        International law, which in the beginning looked at the relations between countries, today has paid attention to the dimensions of a wide range of human beings. Today, the deterioration of environmental crises is to a large extent endangered human life and other creatures on the planet. For this reason, the theoretical foundations determining human interaction with nature, including ethics, are of interest to environmentalists. The explanation of the ethical theory of the environment from the perspective of judgments and judicial procedures in the international system, from the requirements of conservation and exploitation From the global environment. The common environmental ethics are based on a range of intrinsic value foundations that are human-centered and ecosystem-based, but in recent years, the proper interaction of man with the natural environment and the solution to the environmental crises of the world in the return Search for the basics of judicial procedures in the international system. In this article, we try to elucidate environmental ethical considerations in relation to the two fundamental questions of ethics about the "global environment" and "international judicial procedures" and to show why explanation of environmental ethics based on the view of the legal system Internationally, there is a more comprehensive view of environmental protection. Hence, "In recent years, ethical factors in international environmental law have been considered as part of the international community's public order. And has also become increasingly prominent in the work of the International Court of Justice. "This issue was of particular importance in terms of accessing the healthy environment as a human right. Also, issues related to ethics in the environment, commitments and responsibilities of countries, environmental perception as common property, and so on, caused countries, as the main determinants of international law, to take effective steps with the cooperation of other actors in international affairs To regulate the behavior of countries and other international actors in the field of the environment. Manuscript Document
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        39 - Studying the educational environment’s impact on psychological capital changing scale and moral values of students in 8 district of Islamic Azad university (offering a structural model)
        Sadina  Pira Kamran  Mohammadkhani Ali  Taghipour Zahir
        This study aims to Future studying the role of an instructional environment of university to promote psychological capital of students in 8 district of Azad university with offering a model. The methodology is applied and in terms of performance is correlation, descript Full Text
        This study aims to Future studying the role of an instructional environment of university to promote psychological capital of students in 8 district of Azad university with offering a model. The methodology is applied and in terms of performance is correlation, descriptive-survey. Researcher conducted a literature review, interviews with experts in the field, 7 elements extracted the higher educational environment. To determine the status of psychological capital Luthans standard questionnaire (2007) used. Educational environment Construct validity based on factor analysis 0/81and psychological capital gain 0/56,learning environment Cronbach's alpha reliability 0/95and validity of psychological capital 0/88 respectively. The study population included all students of Azad University eighth district. Randomly-class cluster were selected400 as sample size. Using statistical tests included: Exploratory factor analysis to determine the model components, T-test for determine of students psychological capital. The results of the path analysis revealed that the learner directly impact 0/44 the most effect on psychological capital and the impact educational practices without intermediaries on the capital 0/30 and technology with a direct effect on psychological capital has the lowest coefficient of 0/19.The next four goals, methods, evaluation and teaching as a direct and indirect impact of these capital. Statistics T is calculated, the status of psychological capital at a confidence level of 0/05 in the four dimensions of self-efficacy, hope, resiliency and optimism24/51and this shows that psychological capital in adverse conditions. Using of path analysis by structural equation modeling technique through LISRE, research final model represented. Manuscript Document
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        40 - Revision of the psychological pillar of crime in the crime of biodiversity and the Islamic view of it
        seyed mahmoods mirkhalili Abuzar  Salari Far
        Given the harmful effects of environmental crime, lawyers are looking for solutions that greatly reduce these harmful effects and further deteriorate these crimes. Among the developments related to environmental crime in some legal systems in the world The evolution of Full Text
        Given the harmful effects of environmental crime, lawyers are looking for solutions that greatly reduce these harmful effects and further deteriorate these crimes. Among the developments related to environmental crime in some legal systems in the world The evolution of the concept of fault and the pillar of psychology, so that today, in many cases in environmental crimes, liability is criminal and legal without the need for a fault and psychological peculiarities of the perpetrator. The responsibility without fault Which is reflected in various forms in the legal literature, is to be ignored or implied The guilt of the guilty and the pillar is related to the perpetrator's ability to blame. Although the principle of innocence requires that the psychological element of the crime, as well as other elements of the crime, be proved, but in environmental offenses, given the importance of these crimes and the inescapable damages. Compensation in this regard after committing a crime and increasing the risk of committing a crime, will increase the level of supervision and in some way increase deterrence, and will adhere to the principles adopted in environmental law, such as the precautionary principle, the principle of prevention, the principle of payment by the polluter and the principle Compensation is consistent Manuscript Document
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        41 - Evaluation of International Property Rights Index in Iran and MENA Region
        Saeed KiyanPour
        Today, access to more efficient private sector and improvement in business environment to provide the requisite context for active economic entrepreneurs' activity is considered as an economic strategy by different countries in the world. In this paper, we will study th Full Text
        Today, access to more efficient private sector and improvement in business environment to provide the requisite context for active economic entrepreneurs' activity is considered as an economic strategy by different countries in the world. In this paper, we will study the ownership rights in MENA (Middle East and North Africa). This index indicates that Emirates with a score of 6.9 in Index LP, Israel with a score of 7.3 in Index LPR and Bahrain with a score of 8.1 in Index PPR are ranked first. Also in overall IPRI Index Qatar with a score of 7.3 is in the first place and Iran with a score of 4.3 is considered one of the last countries. The reason of deterioration and drop of 0.1% in Iran is related to political stability. Generally, Iran has the worst performance in the areas of political stability and the protection of patent and copyright. Authority of statue and juridical independence do not change compared to previous year, while control of corruption has decreased slightly and physical ownership right with a score of 5.5 is the strongest index for Iran. Manuscript Document
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        42 - Organizational Commitment in Knowledge base Startup Companies: the Team Coherence and Business Survival Factor in the Competitive Environment
        Mehrdad Shafiei
        Turn of the third millennium, the role of human resources so highlighted that some referred to as the only source of sustainable competitive advantage. This is especially true as more and more in knowledge based businesses. For a start up company, human capital is the m Full Text
        Turn of the third millennium, the role of human resources so highlighted that some referred to as the only source of sustainable competitive advantage. This is especially true as more and more in knowledge based businesses. For a start up company, human capital is the most important. The quality of this investment is more, probability of survival, success, and promotion of the business will more. In today's highly competitive and changing environment, creative and innovative human resource can help to achieve a competitive advantage. Organizations need to become learning and dynamic organizations. So their employees can develop the ability to adapt to changes in competition fields. Commitment, in brief is a person's inner feelings and attitudes towards the organization that influences on performance, judgment and loyalty towards the organization. As a result of continuous study and research on the factors of organizational commitment essential ingredients, managers can reconstruct, rehabilitate and restore of positive behaviors and organizational commitment or modify or eliminate damaging parts of this phenomenon.One of the concepts that can be used for analysis of entrepreneur team durability and the business survival is organizational commitment. In this article we attempt to discussed about the role of organizational commitment in possibility of work team integrity in the early stages of forming a business, based on a comparative study and by combining the concepts of organizational commitment and human resources in startup businesses.The purpose of this paper is to establish a correspondence between the importance of human resources in start-ups and their role in business survival and functions of organizational commitment in fulfilling these requirements. Manuscript Document
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        43 - Virtual Science and Technology Park in Iran; an SWOT Analysis
        Parya Dolatyabi Abdollah Aghaei
        In this paper, a study has been done about concept, implication, and necessity of a virtual science park (VSTP) for Iran. According to the critical success factors of a VSTP, and the presented model for VSTP in Iran together with its prerequisitesstrengths, weaknesses, Full Text
        In this paper, a study has been done about concept, implication, and necessity of a virtual science park (VSTP) for Iran. According to the critical success factors of a VSTP, and the presented model for VSTP in Iran together with its prerequisitesstrengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that a VSTP in Iran may face, have been identified in the form of an SWOT analysis. Finally, the key development drivers of VSTPs in Iran have been introduced regarding the proposed analysis, in order to be applied by managers and planners of this field in Iran. Manuscript Document
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        44 - Benchmarking based on Knowledge Patterns by Creating and Implementing the Knowledge System
        Mohammadreza Hamidi zadeh
        How to reach to organizational knowledge activities diagnoses is the main step to utilize the value sources engineering organizational knowledge assets. I have this objective, by emphasis benchmarking approach around nineteen Intl significant firms. These firms analyzed Full Text
        How to reach to organizational knowledge activities diagnoses is the main step to utilize the value sources engineering organizational knowledge assets. I have this objective, by emphasis benchmarking approach around nineteen Intl significant firms. These firms analyzed on the field of organizational knowledge explanation. Knowledge management based organizational knowledge created and developed knowledge approaches during 1384. The other objective extended that successes patterns and its mechanisms where are and how we can use them. To increase key knowledge competencies, organization should to pay more attention to knowledge sources and assets until diagnosis future opportunities and take pass threats, transfer them to new opportunities. Manuscript Document
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        45 - The Study of the Relationship between Entrepreneurship, Competitiveness and Economic Growth
        Mohsen Mohammadi Khyareh Nasrin Rostami
        Entrepreneurship is one of the main factors of competition and innovation among firms, as well as on the national and international scene of economics. In order to create an enabling environment for entrepreneurship, it has to be able to interact between the elements of Full Text
        Entrepreneurship is one of the main factors of competition and innovation among firms, as well as on the national and international scene of economics. In order to create an enabling environment for entrepreneurship, it has to be able to interact between the elements of competitiveness and entrepreneurship, and to use symmetric and proportionate entrepreneurial conditions to improve production and employment, and thus increase economic growth. Therefore, the main objective of the present study is to examine the interaction effects of competitiveness and entrepreneurship, which ultimately lead to economic growth. In this paper, through collecting library resources and with a descriptive approach, the interrelations between different components of competitiveness and entrepreneurship, as well as their effects on economic growth, are discussed. According to the results of this research, competitiveness can be an important factor in the development of entrepreneurship activities within the country and is one of the factors of economic growth. From the social aspect, this study can also help governments to familiar with aspects of politics that favor entrepreneurial opportunities, and which factors encourage entrepreneurs to grow in a single economy. This study is also important for entrepreneurs, since it shows what aspects of the economy are important and should focus on which of the deficiencies in the economic dimension and the pillars of competitiveness. Manuscript Document
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        46 - Economic Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Activities: Literature Review
        Amineh  Zivari Mohsen Mohammadi Khyareh Reza Mazhari
        In the existing literature on entrepreneurship, there are various approaches to determining the factors affecting entrepreneurial activities, which can be explained in various disciplines of science. As an interdisciplinary study, entrepreneurship consists of aspects of Full Text
        In the existing literature on entrepreneurship, there are various approaches to determining the factors affecting entrepreneurial activities, which can be explained in various disciplines of science. As an interdisciplinary study, entrepreneurship consists of aspects of economic, historical, psychological, political, social and cultural studies. All of these studies focus on entrepreneurship from different points of views. Since, entrepreneurship is recognized as an appropriate tool for stimulating economic growth, increasing innovation and productivity and reduction of poverty, identification of determinants of entrepreneurial activity allows to design appropriate policies for increasing productivity and economic growth in a single economy. Due to the wide range of effective factors on entrepreneurial activities among countries, several studies have examined various effective factors. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the economic factors affecting entrepreneurial activities at the macro level, which, given the literature available in this field, has a greater impact than other factors. The present study was conducted using descriptive analysis, literature reviews and library resources such as books and theoretical and applied entrepreneurship papers. Finally, the collected resources were classified into two categories of supply and demand factors. The factors on the supply side include economic development, technological development, globalization, direct foreign investment and financial development, and demand factors include education, population growth, population density, income level, income gap, access to finance, Tax, labor market flexibility rules, political structure, immigration, unemployment rate, institutional characteristics and macroeconomic environment. Manuscript Document
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        47 - Preventive Strategies towards Victimization of Labor Childeren; Activity-Based Pattern
        Mehdi Khaghani Esfahani
        Labor childeren, whether street and active in closed environments, works with customary practices (such as street peddler), semi-customary (such as garbage) and unconventional (such as prostitution). Several criminological theories, including Social Strain theory, Crimi Full Text
        Labor childeren, whether street and active in closed environments, works with customary practices (such as street peddler), semi-customary (such as garbage) and unconventional (such as prostitution). Several criminological theories, including Social Strain theory, Criminal Ecology theory and Cultural Conflict theory, have provided important cognitive explanations of the phenomenon of child labor, but other criminological theories, such as the theory of Opportunity and the theory of Everyday Activities, can be used to model the type of conventional, semi-conventional and unconventional activities of children used the offenders who often fall victim to them. Inconsistencies in the habitat, inaccuracies in the perilous environment, inability/ignorance of counseling institutions in crisis intervention, perceptual and behavioral disorders and lack of citizenship rehabilitation skills provide the opportunity to commit certain crimes against child labor in turbulent metropolitan furniture. Awareness of what kind of activities by types of child labor, the context of victimization in which crimes increases, enables intelligent child labor victimization strategies to be given to custodial policemen in the field of child protection. Adopting a prevention strategy without a specific knowledge about the status of environmental conditions harmful to children, the sustained failure of these strategies persists. This article, after applying the criminological theories on the factors and the process of child victimization, explains the meaningful relationship between the crimes committed against these children by their type of work (conventional, semi-conventional and unconventional) and strategies for increasing the crime of committing crimes against these children and enhancing immunity. Manuscript Document
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        48 - Legal Approaches to Protecting Children against Violence In Educational Environments
        Mohamad Mahdi Meghdadi
        Education as a fundamental right of children's human rights represents the development of human societies and the growth and excellence of children in today's societies. Undoubtedly educational environments in order to realize such a right should have a safe and desirab Full Text
        Education as a fundamental right of children's human rights represents the development of human societies and the growth and excellence of children in today's societies. Undoubtedly educational environments in order to realize such a right should have a safe and desirable space to increase the mental health of children in learning the knowledge and realization of their education and upbringing. Hence, the phenomenon of violence in such environments has become increasingly evolving in spite of educational and corrective approaches to child behavior and discipline in the prevailing educational environment. in this study, by studying and explaining violence against children in educational settings based on the documents of the International Human Rights Law, as well as the Iranian legal system's standards regarding the right of children and their support, they are working to prevent and prevent the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Provided in educational environments. Manuscript Document
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        49 - Preventive Strategies towards Victimization of Labor Childeren; Activity-Based Pattern
        Mehdi Khaghani Esfahani Ghasem Mohamadi
        Labor childeren, whether street and active in closed environments, works with customary practices (such as street peddler), semi-customary (such as garbage) and unconventional (such as prostitution). Several criminological theories, including Social Strain theory, Crimi Full Text
        Labor childeren, whether street and active in closed environments, works with customary practices (such as street peddler), semi-customary (such as garbage) and unconventional (such as prostitution). Several criminological theories, including Social Strain theory, Criminal Ecology theory and Cultural Conflict theory, have provided important cognitive explanations of the phenomenon of child labor, but other criminological theories, such as the theory of Opportunity and the theory of Everyday Activities, can be used to model the type of conventional, semi-conventional and unconventional activities of children used the offenders who often fall victim to them. Inconsistencies in the habitat, inaccuracies in the perilous environment, inability/ignorance of counseling institutions in crisis intervention, perceptual and behavioral disorders and lack of citizenship rehabilitation skills provide the opportunity to commit certain crimes against child labor in turbulent metropolitan furniture. Awareness of what kind of activities by types of child labor, the context of victimization in which crimes increases, enables intelligent child labor victimization strategies to be given to custodial policemen in the field of child protection. Adopting a prevention strategy without a specific knowledge about the status of environmental conditions harmful to children, the sustained failure of these strategies persists. This article, after applying the criminological theories on the factors and the process of child victimization, explains the meaningful relationship between the crimes committed against these children by their type of work (conventional, semi-conventional and unconventional) and strategies for increasing the crime of committing crimes against these children and enhancing immunity. Manuscript Document
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        50 - Legal Approaches to Protecting Children against Violence In Educational Environments
        Mohamad Mahdi Meghdadi Mohamad Mahdi Badami
        Education as a fundamental right of children's human rights represents the development of human societies and the growth and excellence of children in today's societies. Undoubtedly educational environments in order to realize such a right should have a safe and desirab Full Text
        Education as a fundamental right of children's human rights represents the development of human societies and the growth and excellence of children in today's societies. Undoubtedly educational environments in order to realize such a right should have a safe and desirable space to increase the mental health of children in learning the knowledge and realization of their education and upbringing. Hence, the phenomenon of violence in such environments has become increasingly evolving in spite of educational and corrective approaches to child behavior and discipline in the prevailing educational environment. in this study, by studying and explaining violence against children in educational settings based on the documents of the International Human Rights Law, as well as the Iranian legal system's standards regarding the right of children and their support, they are working to prevent and prevent the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Provided in educational environments. Manuscript Document
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        51 - Language Development in Persian-Speaking 6- to 7-Year-Old Children
        Mahnaz  Dehghan Tezerjani Parvin Kadivar Mohammad Hosein Abdollahi Hamid Reza Hasanabadi
        Aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of cognitive abilities, socio-economic status, home literacy training environment, and demographic characters on development of Persian-language in children. To achieve the stated goal 105 seven to eights students wer Full Text
        Aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of cognitive abilities, socio-economic status, home literacy training environment, and demographic characters on development of Persian-language in children. To achieve the stated goal 105 seven to eights students were selected on the basis of cluster sampling. These children’s mothers responded Home Literacy Environment and demographics questionnaires and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) and Test of Language Development (TOLD-P3) were administered on children. Results showed that all components of verbal IQ correlated with language development positively, but in non-verbal components, picture completion, mazes, geometric design and blocks were correlated positively with some components of language development such as relational vocabulary, oral vocabulary, grammatic understanding and semantics. In addition, language and literacy related resources and parents’ positive model in home literacy environment questionnaire were positively related to a number of language development components (such as picture vocabulary, oral vocabulary and relational vocabulary). The results of trend analysis using ANOVA indicated that parents’ education and family income improved language development, but there is no difference in language development between children who have been in daycare and children who haven’t been, and at this age, language development did not differ between males and females. In conclusion, it seems that Persian-speaking children's intelligence can predict their language development to some extent and families' income and parents’ education, as well as, home literacy environment impact children's language development of Persian-speaking children. Manuscript Document
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        52 - Designing conceptual model of alignment between individual and organizational goals with emphasis on value approach
        Lotfolah  Forozandeh Dehkordi محمد علی  سرلک  
        The purpose of this research is to exploration individual and organizational goals alignment model with emphasis on dominant values in Islamic management. This research is fundamental whit respect of its purpose and descriptive whit respect of data analyzing. Variables Full Text
        The purpose of this research is to exploration individual and organizational goals alignment model with emphasis on dominant values in Islamic management. This research is fundamental whit respect of its purpose and descriptive whit respect of data analyzing. Variables and factors affecting on goals alignment have been elicited by library studies and exploratory interviews as basis of Delphi method. In this study Delphi questionnaire constituted with 59 indexes and filled by 25 experts of Hawzah and university. After four times repetition, the conceptual model included 32 specified indexes that have more impact on individual and organizational goals alignment which formatted 3 categories named structural, behavioral and contextual as independent variables and value as moderator variable Manuscript Document
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        53 - Studying the effect of Qualified Management on Environmental Management and Green Supply Chain and their impact on Green function ( A Case study done by:Pars Khazar co.)
        seyyed sajjad mohtasham Reza  Esmaeilpour Mohammad Rahim  Ramazanian
        Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract t Full Text
        Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract the customers’ satisfaction. But, they consider the quality in the product’s design and process and believe that in order to achieve a developed production and improve the performance, they must include the environmental factor in the quality of their goods. Considering environmental factors and managing the green supply chain are effective in the quality of goods and lead to an improvement in the performance of companies in production. This research is applied in terms of objective and scientific in terms of nature and research methodology, and its statistical population includes all managers, experts, consultants, engineers, employees, customers and some of expert activists in the sector of Pars Khazar manufacturing companies and their relating branches. For data analysis, the structural equations modeling, partial least squares, multivariate analysis and fitness model variables test were done using LISREL(8.5) and SPSS(21) softwares. Manuscript Document
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        54 - An integrated model for a multi-product production-inventory-routing problem in a bi-echelon green supply chain
        Adel Aazami Ali Papi mir saman pishvaee
        Manufacturing company’s decisions regarding the quantity of production and inventory is a production planning and inventory control problem. Decisions about transferring products are expressed as a transportation and routing problem. Considering these three problems tog Full Text
        Manufacturing company’s decisions regarding the quantity of production and inventory is a production planning and inventory control problem. Decisions about transferring products are expressed as a transportation and routing problem. Considering these three problems together results in an integrated production-inventory-routing planning (PIRP) which is one of the important supply chain problems. Companies which solve their PIRP problems better can decrease the cost of their products and gain more competitive advantage compared to other competing companies. Based on today’s strict regulations, companies must take into account environmental considerations in addition to economical ones in all their processes, from production until supply. Thus, an appropriate transportation planning can prevent the excessive increase in costs and decrease environmental pollution. Therefore, this study integrates the problem of decreasing environmental pollution with PIRP and develops a green PIRP (GPIRP) problem which efficiently considers the economic and social dimensions of production and supply. This problem is modeled in an integrated manner using the MILP approach. In order to show the applicability of the developed model and its practicability of environmental aspect, a case study is conducted on Ahvaz Sugar Refinery, Iran. Finally, some managerial insights are derived from the computational results. Manuscript Document
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        55 - The study of cyberlofing (unnecessary use of the Internet) in the workplace and its effect on employee productivity
        akbar bahmani ramzan gholami
        The purpose of this study was to analyze the cyberlofing (unnecessary use of the Internet) in the workplace and its effect on employee productivity. The purpose of the present research is to apply the applied research group and is descriptive and descriptive in the rese Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to analyze the cyberlofing (unnecessary use of the Internet) in the workplace and its effect on employee productivity. The purpose of the present research is to apply the applied research group and is descriptive and descriptive in the research field. The statistical population of this research includes Zamzam employees with 1300 people. The statistical sample of the study was obtained using the law of 10 structural equations. A sample of 350 individuals was selected as a stratified sampling. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and combined reliability, and the validity of the questionnaire was confirmed using convergent validity and content validity using the knowledge of experts familiar with the research topic. Also, SPSS22 and Lisrel8.8 software were used to determine the relationship and data analysis. The results of data analysis have confirmed all the research hypotheses: personality factors, job requirements, job conflict, organizational policies, and organizational justice have a significant effect on cyberlofing. Also, the results indicate that cyberlofing will reduce the productivity of individuals in the company. Manuscript Document
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        56 - The Role and Relationship of Innovation and the Business Environment in Promoting Global Competitiveness
        Mehrdad Maghsoudi Mahdi Elyasi Shahram Khalil Nezhad
        The current era is called the age of globalization, an era in which the competition of enterprises has surpassed the regional and national levels and is taking place at the global level. In the current competitive environment, countries in the world are seeking to impro Full Text
        The current era is called the age of globalization, an era in which the competition of enterprises has surpassed the regional and national levels and is taking place at the global level. In the current competitive environment, countries in the world are seeking to improve their competitiveness, and one of the key questions in promoting competitiveness is the role of innovation and the business environment in enhancing competitiveness. In this research, to answer the above question, the countries of the world, based on the Global Competitiveness Report- between 2013 and 2018 and using clustering technique were split into four different levels of competitiveness, then using the PLS , the role of the relationship between innovation and the business environment in enhancing global competitiveness was analyzed at four levels of competitiveness. Based on the results of the research, the role of innovation in promoting competitiveness was not proven in countries with low level of competitiveness, but it was proved in three levels of competitiveness. According to other findings of this study, the relationship between business environment and innovation at all levels of competitiveness was significant and positive and the role of the business environment in enhancing competitiveness in all four levels of competitiveness was proven. Manuscript Document
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        57 - Investigating a model of implementation and development business intelligence in organization with the purpose of improving decision-making
        Payam Yaghli    
        This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimen Full Text
        This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimensions on the process of decision-making in Eghtesad-e-Novin Bank, as a financial organization in which the speed of decision-making is of importance will be discussed. The criteria are the cultural, strategic and environmental factors, human resources and business intelligence tools the effects of which are discussed on the variable of "the latency in decision- making" in four divisions of organizational decision environment. The research methodology is mixed in this research and for this purpose in the qualitative part, the different dimensions of success in implementation and development business intelligence were extracted on the quality of decision-making with the Delphi technique by using the method of interviews and open questions in three stages and with the snowball method with the opinions of 18 experts. In the quantitative part, the priorities were determined with the help of the Analysis Network Process and Super Decision software. Finally, the main questionnaire has been finalized for the distribution among 90 personnel of different levels of the development and implement of business intelligence systems and the direct users of these systems in the organization. With the help of Smart Plus software and structural equations, as well as the effect of research variables on the reduction in the latency in decision-making, the relevant assumptions have been examined in a descriptive and survey manner with factor analysis. The proposed factors and models for evaluating business intelligence presented in this article help organizations, especially financial organizations in which speed in decision-making is of particular importance, to promote decision-making and minimize possible latencies in decision-making. Manuscript Document
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        58 - Social and cultural Impact Assessment of Sports Complexes: A Case Study of Narmak Sports Complex
        Ma’soumeh  MohaqeqMontazeri
        One of the biggest problems facing cities, especially large ones is inadequate share and distribution of sports facilities due to the size of urban population and insufficient government budget. Construction of Narmak Sports Complex is one of the projects that have been Full Text
        One of the biggest problems facing cities, especially large ones is inadequate share and distribution of sports facilities due to the size of urban population and insufficient government budget. Construction of Narmak Sports Complex is one of the projects that have been implemented with the aim of developing sports and leisure areaaligned with the Comprehensive Master-plan for Tehran City and the Detailed Plan of Region 8. It also aimed to transform a polluted site into a service area.The present study seeks to identify the social and cultural impacts of this project and to estimate the positive and negative outcomes within the project-affected area. This research took a mixed approach combining documentary and field methods, and tools such as observation, in-depth and semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, and focused group discussions were used to collect data.The findings of this study show that besides positive impacts such as increasing sports spaceper capita, eliminating environmental pollution, improving the urban landscape, reducing household costs, reducing perceived public insecurity, enriching leisure activity patterns, etc., this projectalso has negative impacts such as reducing market share of pre-existing sports complexes, causing traffic problems due to lack of parking space and increasing traffic jams in the area. Manuscript Document
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        59 - Energy Efficiency Trading, a New Tool for Long-Term Market Power Reduction in Restructured Environment
        M. Behrangrad M. Parsa-Moghaddam M. K. Sheikh-El-Eslami
        In this paper a new concept has been proposed to consider “Energy Efficiency” as a new commodity. The new commodity is based on DSM (Demand Side Management) and especially the strategic conservation techniques in the restructured environment. In the proposed method the Full Text
        In this paper a new concept has been proposed to consider “Energy Efficiency” as a new commodity. The new commodity is based on DSM (Demand Side Management) and especially the strategic conservation techniques in the restructured environment. In the proposed method the ability to improve efficiency is traded as a new commodity by some new players. The effect of new commodity trading is analyzed on the long-term market power reduction in parallel to available long-term solutions that mostly rely on generation solution. The numerical study according to real world data shows the potential and effectiveness of the proposed method. Manuscript Document
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        60 - Reconfiguration of Distribution Network in Deregulated Environment in the Presence of DGs
        B. Arandian R. Hooshmand E. Gholipour
        Distribution system companies (DISCOs) can reduce their cost by reconfiguration as the economic way for loss reduction. This paper presents a new method for reducing DISCO costs in deregulated environment by loss reduction and power generation control of Distributed Gen Full Text
        Distribution system companies (DISCOs) can reduce their cost by reconfiguration as the economic way for loss reduction. This paper presents a new method for reducing DISCO costs in deregulated environment by loss reduction and power generation control of Distributed Generators (DGs). Because of changing the price of energy in this environment, different network load levels with different prices were considered. This complex optimization problem is solved by a new method based on shuffled frog leaping algorithm (SFLA). Also, influence of DG presence on objective function and load flow is considered. The proposed method is applied to IEEE 33-bus and 69-bus test systems to decrease the activity cost of DISCO in deregulated environment and its capability relative to other methods is shown. Manuscript Document
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        61 - Impact of Learner’s Characteristics, Training Design and Work Environment on the Transfer of Learning in Banking Industry
         
        The aim of this study was conducted to determine the impact of trainee characteristics, training design and working environment on the transfer of learning in banking industry. The research method was descriptive, non-experimental causal study. The population was includ Full Text
        The aim of this study was conducted to determine the impact of trainee characteristics, training design and working environment on the transfer of learning in banking industry. The research method was descriptive, non-experimental causal study. The population was included 74 employees who have participated in the Banking 1 training courses for 80 hours in 1391 at Fereshtegan Finance & Credit Institute. To this aim, a random sample of 55 employees who participated in the course, were selected. To measure trainee characteristics, training design and work environment, a researcher-made questionnaire was applied. The Validity of the questionnaire was approved by scholars in the field of Management and also Educational Sciences. Its reliability was found to be 0.85. To measure the transfer of learning a researcher-made questionnaire used and its validity was verified by organization’s experts and was finally confirmed by academicians of educational sciences and its reliability was 0.75. Analyzing data was performed by using single-sample t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and simple and multiple regressions. Results showed that behavior change in Fereshtegan Finance & Credit Institute is undesirable and has a gap with the ideal mean. Main findings showed that there is not a significant relationship between the transfer of learning and trainee characteristics with components such as individual conditions, motivation, self-efficacy and the perception of training productivity and so cannot predict the transfer of learning. Regarding sub-hypotheses, there is a significant relationship between training design and the transfer of learning and as a result it can be predicted. No significant relationship was found between the transfer of learning and working environment with components of “supports for working environment” and “environmental incentives” and so cannot predict the transfer of learning. Manuscript Document
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        62 - Designing a Competency-Based Training Program for Managers at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
        Razvan Hosseingholizadeh Aliye Matagi akbar amrahi
        The main purpose of this study was to design a Competency-Based Training Program for managers at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM). To achieve this goal, mixed research method was used. Document analysis, interview, and questionnaire were used to collect data. Th Full Text
        The main purpose of this study was to design a Competency-Based Training Program for managers at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM). To achieve this goal, mixed research method was used. Document analysis, interview, and questionnaire were used to collect data. The population was comprised of all the managers at the different organizational levels. Adaptation-design approach was used to design. For this, a list of expected competencies of managers in academic and non-academic environments was identified and extracted based on research literature review. In addition, interview with experts was done and documents related to the position of managers at the university were analyzed. According to results, 71 competencies were identified and then categorized into five categories including organizational, conceptual, change and innovation, individual and interpersonal competencies. They include 22 organizational competencies, 12 interpersonal competencies, 6 competencies of change and innovation, 7 conceptual competences, and 24 individual competencies. Also, the findings showed that the competencies of the managers at FUM vary according to their type of responsibility and management level. Therefore, competencies were ranked in the competency questionnaire according to these two characteristics. In general, results indicated that the highest rank has been attributed to organizational, interpersonal, and then conceptual, and change-innovation. Subsequently, based on the proposed model of competency, 34 topics were identified for designing curriculum. Finally, components of the curriculum were developed based on the recommended framework. Manuscript Document
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        63 - Providing a Model for Continuing the Use of E-learning in Work Environments (Case study: Headquarters of the State Tax Administration)
        Hanieh Shami zanjani Mostafa Niknami Nadergholi Ghorchian Amir hosein Mohammad davoudi
        This research aims to provide a model for the continued use of e-learning in work environments (Headquarters of the State Tax Administration). The present study is a descriptive survey type in terms of the applied purpose, in terms of the type of mixed data. For collect Full Text
        This research aims to provide a model for the continued use of e-learning in work environments (Headquarters of the State Tax Administration). The present study is a descriptive survey type in terms of the applied purpose, in terms of the type of mixed data. For collecting data, a library method, a semi-structured interview, a researcher-made questionnaire, and factors affecting continuity were used. The formal validity of the questionnaire was obtained through pilot implementation, content validity through comprehensive literature review and judgment of experts, and construct validity using a confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The reliability of the questionnaire was estimated to be 0.93 by calculating the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Qualitative data analysis was done through coding. Quantitative data analysis was performed using SPSS and LISREL software. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics including exploratory factor analysis to determine the factors and components of the model and the confirmatory factor analysis using the structural equation modeling technique for presenting the model through LISREL software have been used. The findings showed that the quality of the system experts, organizational support and expected performance with frequency 12, have the first priority, respectively, in system factors, organizational factors and individual factors. Also, the age of 7 is among the demographic (demographic) factors of the first priority. The share of "system factors", "organizational factors", "human factors" and "demographic factors" was 48%, 36%, 28% and 19% respectively for continued use of e-learning. Finally, a model for continuing use of e-learning in the headquarters of the State Tax Administration was presented based on its effective factors and its components. Manuscript Document
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        64 - Identify the elements of a systematic model of competency-based training with a grounded theory approach (Case study: Ports and Maritime Organization, Shahid Rajaee Port)
        Homan Shafighian Nadergholi GHourchian Mehdi Bagheri
        The purpose of this study was to identify the dimensions, components and indicators of model of competency-based training of Shahid Rajaee port staff. The Research is applied in terms of purpose, in terms of data is qualitative, and in terms of nature is descriptive. Th Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to identify the dimensions, components and indicators of model of competency-based training of Shahid Rajaee port staff. The Research is applied in terms of purpose, in terms of data is qualitative, and in terms of nature is descriptive. The statistical population consisted of key experts and informants in the subject area of the research who were selected based on informed approach and purposeful and snowball method. Data collection was done by library method (surveying) and field method (interviewing and Delphi). Interviews with focal subjects and theoretical saturation techniques, specific coding procedures, and validity of data collection techniques from multiple sources, negative case analysis, and method flexibility were used to validate the findings. Finally, theoretical coding technique was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the systematic model of competency-based training of Shahid Rajaee port staff has 8 dimensions, 27 components and 83 indicators that are the components of the final paradigm model: Causal conditions (learning environment); Interfering conditions (Competency-Based Characteristics of Learners); Contextual conditions (context of learning process); Core category (competency-based training); Strategies (Developing a Competency Model, ...); Consequences (effective training, Desire for Self-Development, etc.). Manuscript Document
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        65 - Factors affecting the promotion of tourism entrepreneurship in rural areas with emphasis on environmental protection
        seyede Mohadese Hatami Shahkhali
        It can be said that like other spontaneous human activities, entrepreneurship that leads to improving the quality of life and well-being is of great importance. Influential factors play a role in the development and promotion of entrepreneurship, while there are obstacl Full Text
        It can be said that like other spontaneous human activities, entrepreneurship that leads to improving the quality of life and well-being is of great importance. Influential factors play a role in the development and promotion of entrepreneurship, while there are obstacles and challenges for entrepreneurs. The purpose of this study is to identify these factors and study the effective elements. This research is applied in terms of purpose and the results of research in other areas can be used and in terms of the method of work, it is descriptive-analytical. In this research, SPSS software has been used to extract the questionnaire data and a one-sample method has been used to test the hypotheses. The research indicates that there is a significant relationship between institutional and organizational factors, economic factors, managerial factors, social, environmental and cultural factors and the promotion of entrepreneurship in the studied villages. Manuscript Document
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        66 - Social and cultural impact assessment of city of Tehran’s homeless shelters
        سمیه  مومنی هادی  درویشی
        The purpose of the study is to assess social and cultural impacts of Homeless Housing Assistance Center of Tehran Naft District 5th District Municipality And providing Corrective and compensatory solutions to make this project work better. The descriptive-analytical met Full Text
        The purpose of the study is to assess social and cultural impacts of Homeless Housing Assistance Center of Tehran Naft District 5th District Municipality And providing Corrective and compensatory solutions to make this project work better. The descriptive-analytical method has been used with stakeholder analysis approach to achieve this goal. On the one hand, it can be said the negative impact of Farahzad Valley’s neighborhoods on the function and the image of the businessman by regarding the geographical scope of the impact of the surrounding environment of Homeless Housing Assistance Center On its function as The main focus of the social damage is the Naft area By creating urban defenseless spaces, The presence of homeless people And trash exacerbation On the function and the image of Homeless Housing Assistance Center And on the other hand, in the social domain, one can claim that If one of the main goals of the construction of Homeless Housing Assistance Center is to prevent the deaths of addicted and homeless people in public roads and to preserve urban furniture and to eliminate these people from the city’s face rather than rehabilitation, The findings and data of the research indicate the success of the 5th District Municipality in creating a comfortable dormitory space for clients. But, in the end, two main damage to the function of the Homeless Housing Assistance Center can be identified: 1. becoming Homeless Housing Assistance Center to Permanent residence of clients and their precipitate and 2. Discontinuing the Empowerment Cycle of Clients and as a result the loss of Retrospective nature of the collection. Manuscript Document
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        67 - Comparative study of nomadic quality of life indicators in the pre- and post accommodation periods caused by floods Case study: Azadegan village, Anbarabad County
        mohammad amin khorasani
        Having a good quality of life has always been a human desire. Quality of life in rural areas depends on many factors such as employment, adequate income, access to services such as education and health, health, social security so that factors such as low density of rura Full Text
        Having a good quality of life has always been a human desire. Quality of life in rural areas depends on many factors such as employment, adequate income, access to services such as education and health, health, social security so that factors such as low density of rural settlements, reduced employment and income in the agricultural sector, Inadequate and inefficient communication routes and transportation networks have complicated the implementation of policies necessary to improve the quality of rural life. With this view, the purpose of this study is to study and compare the quality of life indicators before settlement and presence in the nomadic environment and after settlement in Azadegan village after the flood. The research method in this research is descriptive-analytical, based on library-field studies (questionnaire) and searching Internet sites. In order to analyze the data, SPSS software t-test was used. The findings show that the quality of life indicators before and after settlement in Azadegan village with a significant level of less than 0.05% had no positive effects in Azadegan village. Also, the results showed that the components of employment and income in Azadegan village located in Jiroft city did not have a positive effect on job creation for the villagers. Manuscript Document
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        68 - The role of territorial behavior in improving the desirability of students' social interactions in academic environments (Case study: Shahid Rajaee University)
        MONA MOHAMMADI hamidreza azemati
        The desirability of students' social interactions plays a fundamental role in enhancing the quality of formal and informal academic spaces. The present study aims to investigate the territorial behavior in the academic environment concerning the concept of "boundary" to Full Text
        The desirability of students' social interactions plays a fundamental role in enhancing the quality of formal and informal academic spaces. The present study aims to investigate the territorial behavior in the academic environment concerning the concept of "boundary" to improve students' social interactions. This study is applied and mixed-method research, in which a survey study is applied to A) evaluate the individuals' views and develop the objective table and contents. Through data collection and employing written sources and semi-structured interviews with psychology and architecture professors B) develop a visual questionnaire, according to the table and distribute them among the research population. In the present study, to fill out the questionnaire, 17 professors are interviewed, and 45 architecture students of Shahid Rajaee University are asked. Data are collected using interviews, observations, and questionnaires. The statistical population includes architecture students of Shahid Rajaee University. Also, the samples are selected by a cluster sampling technique. After classifying the obtained data using SPSS software, they are investigated and analyzed to extract desired boundaries from the students' views utilizing a t-test. Findings indicate that students consider in-between boundaries to be more desirable for spatial privacy in the presence of individuals and friendly gatherings. Manuscript Document
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        69 - Parametric analysis of site plan using environmental impacts assessment matrix (Case study: Shams Tabrizi Shrine)
        Mehrdad Azizi Mahmud Rezaii
        In the architectural design process, the site is analyzed by different factors. These analyses require a complete assessment system and full knowledge. This research mainly looked to assess a parametric simulation of components affecting the site plan analysis in Khoi a Full Text
        In the architectural design process, the site is analyzed by different factors. These analyses require a complete assessment system and full knowledge. This research mainly looked to assess a parametric simulation of components affecting the site plan analysis in Khoi and the Shams Tabrizi Shrine using an environmental impacts assessment matrix. This quantitative research uses modeling and simulation techniques. To accurately assess the effects of the parameters, credible architectural software, Rhino and Grasshopper, were used. In order to analyze the site, such factors as the site bed, topography, accessibility, vision, perspective, noise pollution, and sunlight were considered. Results indicate that two factors, topography and surrounding buildings, contributed most to site calculations. According to algorithm calculations of environmental impacts assessment matrix, findings show that the cells with scores of higher than 5 were suitable areas for design and construction. Analytical components of the site can be used directly and more effectively in the design process using design algorithms and parametric methods, provided that the analysis step is an integrated method, unlike traditional methods. This research offers two takeaways. First, it provides an assessment of available plans. Second, a productive context for new plans; i.e., in addition to being a productive context for the final design, the site analysis components also serve as a vehicle to assess the final plans (both administered or unadministered ones). Manuscript Document
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        70 - Removal of petroleum from contaminated water by affordable adsorbents
        Zahra Zamiraei
        Petroleum pollution has an important impact on marine plants and animals, coral islands, fishing, beaches, human health and tourism industry. Therefore, it is important to recycle or prevent leakage and to remove them from contaminated water. There are various ways to r Full Text
        Petroleum pollution has an important impact on marine plants and animals, coral islands, fishing, beaches, human health and tourism industry. Therefore, it is important to recycle or prevent leakage and to remove them from contaminated water. There are various ways to remove and recycle oil; including physical, mechanical, biological and photochemical methods, filtration and the most widely used way is absorption methods. The choice of an economically suitable hydrophobic absorber should be easy to handle, not expensive, and not be classified as hazardous. The adsorbent material can be organic or inorganic. Organic materials usually include plants, animals, or other high-carbon compounds (such as food waste, rice husk, macroalgae, algae, creatine, etc.). It is also possible to use organic compounds produced in industries such as petroleum and fertilizer industries. Inorganic compounds used as adsorbents are usually substances such as: soil, clay, mud, zeolite, minerals, metal oxides and hydroxides. Manuscript Document
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        71 - Investigation of environmental effects of rubber waste and proposed methods in the management of this type of wastes
        علی ناهد
        Rubber is one of the materials that are widely used in industry and when they expire, they fall into the category of hazardous wastes. The release of rubber wastes into the environment causes many problems, including diseases, their bad landscape in nature, and terrible Full Text
        Rubber is one of the materials that are widely used in industry and when they expire, they fall into the category of hazardous wastes. The release of rubber wastes into the environment causes many problems, including diseases, their bad landscape in nature, and terrible fires caused by their accumulation and environmental pollution. Also, rubber can be reused due to its non-degradability and elastic properties; as a result, the management of worn tires has a particular importance. There are several ways to manage rubber waste that can be safe and effective when done properly. These methods include sanitary landfilling, incineration, pyrolysis, milling, reuse at various scales, and re-coating. In this article, each method is reviewed and their advantages and disadvantages are stated. Also, there are examples of different applications of rubber waste in various industries. Manuscript Document
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        72 - Toward Urban Good Governance: The necessities of the urban Building Management system in Iranian experts’ representations (Case study: Tehran)
        Gholamreza  Kazemian hossein aslipour Arash Taqipour
        Urban growth is a vegetative process that crystallizes as an accumulative process, shaping the city spatial structure over decades. In this way, current activities are deposited on the urban fabric through Building, and improve and develop the urban form in response to Full Text
        Urban growth is a vegetative process that crystallizes as an accumulative process, shaping the city spatial structure over decades. In this way, current activities are deposited on the urban fabric through Building, and improve and develop the urban form in response to the changing needs of its time. Since the Building custodian at the Urban level is the Urban management; and governance is a central issue on the path to sustainable development; the research’s problem is "What are the necessities of [Tehran’s] urban building management system in Iranian researchers’ representations". In this regard, the scientific descriptions of Iranian experts on the realities and desirability of the urban Building management system are considered as a face of truth; and the researcher, in order to understand it, uses the thematic analysis strategy as one of the qualitative methods. In this regard, out of 789 sources updated in the Iranian scientific databases, 65 were systematic sampled. The results of this fundamental research showed that according to Iranian experts, the urban building management system of Tehran can be considered as "Tehran’s Building Governance", when it has a Reliable, Remarkable, and Respectable. In other words, by pursuing "fair, balanced and empowering growth", it has sought to "solve the physical and spatial problems of the city of Tehran" in order to achieve "sustainable and affordable product"; and follows this path by "relying on endogenous capacities based on local values" by a "cooperative, efficient and collectivist organization" and in "facing the legal-executive challenges of Tehran’s urban management". Manuscript Document
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        73 - Lithostratigraphy and Sedimentary Environment of the Jahrum Formation in two Anticlines of Jahrum and Tudej
        رضا  صادقی محمد حسین  خواجوئی مریم  جوکار
        Abstract In this study two stratigraphic sections named Tang-e Ab as type section and Tang-e Nimbashi analyzed in order to study lithostratigraphy and microfacies of Jahrum Formation in Fars province. Both sections, Tang-e Ab in northern flank of Jahrum Anticline (Ea Full Text
        Abstract In this study two stratigraphic sections named Tang-e Ab as type section and Tang-e Nimbashi analyzed in order to study lithostratigraphy and microfacies of Jahrum Formation in Fars province. Both sections, Tang-e Ab in northern flank of Jahrum Anticline (East of Jahrom) and Tang-e Nimbashi in northern flank of Tudej Anticline (West of Estahban) located in Interior Fars Sub-Zone at Zagros folded belt. Tang-e Ab section included 450 meters of conglomerate, limestone, nodular marly limestone, dolomitic limestone and dolostone with thin, medium, thick and very thick bedding and Tang-e Nimbashi section included 562 meters of limestone, marly Limestone, nodular marly limestone, dolomitic limestone and dolostone with very thin, thin, medium, thick and very thick bedding. The result of field and laboratory observations is determination of 10 lithostratigraphic unit and 10 microfacies class in Tang-e Ab and 7 lithostratigraphic unit and 11 microfacies class in Tang-e Nimbashi, in both Sections 3 sub-environments included: open marine, lagoon and peritidal and sedimentary settings corresponded on a carbonate platform of homoclinal ramp. Manuscript Document
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        74 - Geochemical Investigation and Effect of Sedimentary Environment Changes on Pabdeh Formation Hydrocarbon Potentiality in Mansuri Oilfield
        بهرام علیزاده ندا جنت مکان هرمز  قلاوند محمد حسین  حیدری فرد
        Pabdeh Formation is one of the most important probable source rocks in Mansuri oifield being under investigation . In this study, hydrocarbon potential of pabdeh formation is evaluated. Also effect of sedimentary environment changes on geo Full Text
        Pabdeh Formation is one of the most important probable source rocks in Mansuri oifield being under investigation . In this study, hydrocarbon potential of pabdeh formation is evaluated. Also effect of sedimentary environment changes on geochemical and hydrocarbon potential variation is studied ,To achieve this , hydrocarbon potential of Pabdeh Formation with Rock Eval Pyrolysis was investigated .Besides that, gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data were utilized . Based on this study , in the Late Eocene age , relative sea level had raised , while in the Oligocene age, falling in sea level was occurred .Variation in sea level caused Pabdeh Formation to be heterogeneous in hydro carbon potential . Pabdeh Formation in Mansuri oilfield from geochemical aspects is divided into three divisions. Lower ad Upper zones I this formation, have fair (0.5-1%TOC) to good (1-2%TOC0 hydrocarbon potential and contain Kerogen type III. These zones have gas production potential . Middel zone, has very good (2-4%TOC) to excellent (TOC>4%) potential and contains Kerogen type II and III.Middel zone has oil production potential . Rock Eval data as well as thermal history modeling demonstrate that; Pabdeh Formaion is in early oil window, started yielding petroleum since 5-6 million years Manuscript Document
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        75 - Geochemical Investigation and Effect of Sedimentary Environment Changes on Pabdeh Formation Hydrocarbon Potentiality in Mansuri Oilfield
        بهرام علیزاده ندا جنت مکان هرمز  قلاوند محمد حسین  حیدری فرد
        Pabdeh Formation is one of the most important probable source rocks in Mansuri oifield being under investigation . In this study, hydrocarbon potential of pabdeh formation is evaluated. Also effect of sedimentary environment changes on geo Full Text
        Pabdeh Formation is one of the most important probable source rocks in Mansuri oifield being under investigation . In this study, hydrocarbon potential of pabdeh formation is evaluated. Also effect of sedimentary environment changes on geochemical and hydrocarbon potential variation is studied ,To achieve this , hydrocarbon potential of Pabdeh Formation with Rock Eval Pyrolysis was investigated .Besides that, gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data were utilized . Based on this study , in the Late Eocene age , relative sea level had raised , while in the Oligocene age, falling in sea level was occurred .Variation in sea level caused Pabdeh Formation to be heterogeneous in hydro carbon potential . Pabdeh Formation in Mansuri oilfield from geochemical aspects is divided into three divisions. Lower ad Upper zones I this formation, have fair (0.5-1%TOC) to good (1-2%TOC0 hydrocarbon potential and contain Kerogen type III. These zones have gas production potential . Middel zone, has very good (2-4%TOC) to excellent (TOC>4%) potential and contains Kerogen type II and III.Middel zone has oil production potential . Rock Eval data as well as thermal history modeling demonstrate that; Pabdeh Formaion is in early oil window, started yielding petroleum since 5-6 million years Manuscript Document
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        76 - Biostratigraphy and sedimentary environment of Asmari Formation in Davan section, North of Kazerun
        masood khoshnood Hosyen Vaziri moghadam
        This research concentrates on biostratigraphy, microfasies and Sedimentary environment of the Asmari Formation at Davan village in 10 Km north of Kazerun. Micropalaeontological study led to recognition of 25 genera and 15 species of foraminifera. Based on biostratigraph Full Text
        This research concentrates on biostratigraphy, microfasies and Sedimentary environment of the Asmari Formation at Davan village in 10 Km north of Kazerun. Micropalaeontological study led to recognition of 25 genera and 15 species of foraminifera. Based on biostratigraphic study 3 biozones (1-Nummulites vascus – Nummulites fichteli assemblage zone, 2 -Lepdocyclina-Operculina- Ditrupa Assemblage Zone, 3- Archaias asmaricus- Archaias hensoni- Miogypsinoides complanatus Assemblage Zone) are determined. As a result, the age of the Asmari Formation is Oligocene (Rupelian – Chattian) at the study area. Depositional texture, petrographic analyses and fauna led to identification of 9 carbonate microfacies related to open marine, slope, bar and lagoon. These depositional environments correspond to inner, middle, and outer ramp. Manuscript Document
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        77 - Biostratigraphy and microfacies analysis of the Shahbazan and Asmari formations (through Eocene to Oligocene) in the carbonate deposits of northwest Dezful Embayment, Zagros Sedimentary Basin
        sepedeh Gholampoor-moghahi Hosyen Vaziri moghadam Naser Arzani Afshin Armoon
        Abstract In this research based on petrography study of 320 thin sections (cutting samples), biostratigraphy, microfacies and depositional environment analysis has been done to determine the boundary between the Shahbazan and Asmari formations in well No. 1 of the Bala Full Text
        Abstract In this research based on petrography study of 320 thin sections (cutting samples), biostratigraphy, microfacies and depositional environment analysis has been done to determine the boundary between the Shahbazan and Asmari formations in well No. 1 of the Balarud Oil Field, located in the north of Dezful embayment. The Shahbazan Formation with 460 meters thick with mainly composed of dolomite along with interlayers of limestone, shale and anhydrite in the studied well. The lower boundary of this formation with the Pabdeh Formation is conformable and its upper boundary with the Asmari Formation is marked by an unconformity. The Asmari Formation with thickness of 140 meters mainly consists of limestone and shale with the interlayers of dolomite; its upper boundary to the Gachsaran Formation is conformable. Biostratigraphy studies documented a high diversity of shallow-water benthic and rare planktonic foraminiferas and led to the determining of one assemblage zone in the Shahbazan Formation (15 genera and 8 species) that indicates age of the Priabonain. Three assemblage zones also were recognized in the Asmari Formation (12 genera and 8 species) that, shows the age of the Asmari Formation from Mid-Rupelian to the Chattian, Aquitanian and Burdigalin. Based on biostratigraphy studies, the boundary between Shahbazan and Asmari formations and the position of an unconformity between them were determined. The facies analysis led to recognition of eight microfacies for the Shahbazan Formation which belong to three facies belts of inner (tidal flat and lagoon), middle and outer ramp, deposited on a ramp-type carbonate platform. Also four microfacies were recognized in the Asmari Formation which are related to the inner carbonate platform. Manuscript Document
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        78 - Interpretation of sedimentary environment and factors affecting reservoir quality in upper Sarvak Formation in one the oil fields of Abadan plain
        Mohammad Hossein Saberi Bahman Zarenezhad الهام  اسدی Nasim Rahmani
        The Sarvak Formation of the Albian-Turonian Formation is one of the most important hydrocarbon reservoirs in south and southwest of Iran. In this study, in order to assess the reservoir quality, from a petrographic study and porosity and permeability data, an important Full Text
        The Sarvak Formation of the Albian-Turonian Formation is one of the most important hydrocarbon reservoirs in south and southwest of Iran. In this study, in order to assess the reservoir quality, from a petrographic study and porosity and permeability data, an important well in one of the oil fields of Abadan plain has been used. Based on microscopic studies, 13 microfacies have been identified in the form of Four facies tidal flat, lagoon, shoal and open marine for Sarvak Formation deposits in the studied oil field, indicating that the upper part of the Sarvak Formation is deposited in a homoclinal carbonate ramp. Among the identified diagenetic processes, dissolution, cementation, dolomitization, fracturing, compaction, neomorphism, micritization, bioturbation, pyritization, hematitization, phosphatization and silicification are mentioned. Diagenetic processes of Sarvak Formation occurred in three marine, meteoric and burial environments. Among the dissolution and fracturing diagenetic processes, the most important role has been in increasing the reservoir quality, and cementation and compaction have been the most important factors in reducing reservoir quality. Sequence stratigraphy studies identified third order sedimentary sequences of the age of Turonian, Late Cenomanian, and Middle Cenomanian, and studied the facies and diagenetic processes within its framework. Correlation of porosity and permeability data of the core showed that the reservoir quality in this formation was influenced by facies and diagenetic processes. So that the microfacies containing the rudist have the highest reservoir quality. Due to the diagenetic processes, sedimentary and porosity and permeability data, the facies shoal and open marine to the land have the best reservoir quality. Manuscript Document
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        79 - Interpretation of sedimentary environment and factors affecting reservoir quality in upper Sarvak Formation in one the oil fields of Abadan plain
        Arad Kiani Mohammad Hossein Saberi Bahman Zare nejad Elham Asadi Nasim Rahmani
        The Sarvak Formation of the Albian-Turonian Formation is one of the most important hydrocarbon reservoirs in south and southwest of Iran. In this study, in order to assess the reservoir quality, from a petrographic study and porosity and permeability data, an importan Full Text
        The Sarvak Formation of the Albian-Turonian Formation is one of the most important hydrocarbon reservoirs in south and southwest of Iran. In this study, in order to assess the reservoir quality, from a petrographic study and porosity and permeability data, an important well in one of the oil fields of Abadan plain has been used. Based on microscopic studies, 13 microfacies have been identified in the form of Four facies tidal flat, lagoon, shoal and open marine for Sarvak Formation deposits in the studied oil field, indicating that the upper part of the Sarvak Formation is deposited in a homoclinal carbonate ramp. Among the identified diagenetic processes, dissolution, cementation, dolomitization, fracturing, compaction, neomorphism, micritization, bioturbation, pyritization, hematitization, phosphatization and silicification are mentioned. Diagenetic processes of Sarvak Formation occurred in three marine, meteoric and burial environments. Among the dissolution and fracturing diagenetic processes, the most important role has been in increasing the reservoir quality, and cementation and compaction have been the most important factors in reducing reservoir quality. Sequence stratigraphy studies identified third order sedimentary sequences of the age of Turonian, Late Cenomanian, and Middle Cenomanian, and studied the facies and diagenetic processes within its framework. Correlation of porosity and permeability data of the core showed that the reservoir quality in this formation was influenced by facies and diagenetic processes. So that the microfacies containing the rudist have the highest reservoir quality. Due to the diagenetic processes, sedimentary and porosity and permeability data, the facies shoal and open marine to the land have the best reservoir quality. Manuscript Document
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        80 - (Biostratigraphy and microfacies of the Asmari Formation in south flank of Mish anticline (northeast of Gachsaran
        Saber Ahmadi Ali seyrafian Hosyen vaziri-Moghadam
        Asmari Formation at the section of the south flank of Mish anticline (northeast of Gachsaran), located 22 km northeast of Basht city, in vicinity village Kalagh ¬Neshin is investigated and has a thickness of 281 meters. In this research, biostratigraphy and microfacies Full Text
        Asmari Formation at the section of the south flank of Mish anticline (northeast of Gachsaran), located 22 km northeast of Basht city, in vicinity village Kalagh ¬Neshin is investigated and has a thickness of 281 meters. In this research, biostratigraphy and microfacies of the Asmari Formation in this section were studied and the results were compared with 5 section of Asmari Formation in similar regions and close to it. By studying on 172 microscopic sections, 3 the biozone for Asmari Formation in the section the study was carried out and the section studied given that is: Lepidocyclina – Operculina – Ditrupa assemblage zone. Archaias asmaricus – Archaias hensoni – Miogypsinoides complanatus assemblage zone. Indeterminate zone. According to the study of benthic foraminifera and biozones, the cut off age is from the late Oligocene (Rupelian-Chattian) to the early Miocene (Aquitanian). Microfacies studies led to identify 10 microfacies and 4 subfacial belonging to the open marine and lagoon (semi-closed and enclosed) environments, which includes the external, intermediate, and interior parts of a hemocalinal ramp. Manuscript Document
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        81 - Microfacies analysis, Sedimentary Environment and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Qom Formation in the Naraq area
        Alireza Ashouri Asma Aftabi arani Jahanbakhsh Daneshian Abbas Ghaderi Mohammad Reza Aria Nasab
        Naraq section is located at the South of the Qom sedimentary basin in Central Iran. The study of microfacies sedimentary environments and sequence stratigraphic features of the Qom Formation in this area can help to understand the situation of the Qom sedimentary basin. Full Text
        Naraq section is located at the South of the Qom sedimentary basin in Central Iran. The study of microfacies sedimentary environments and sequence stratigraphic features of the Qom Formation in this area can help to understand the situation of the Qom sedimentary basin. In this study, 111 samples of the Qom Formation in Naraq section in the northwest of Naraq are investigated. Based on field observation and thin-section studies, 6 microfacies related to the lagoon, reef and slope parts of carbonate platform have been recognized.Due to the presence of slope microfacies and skeletal and non-skeletal grains that are transported from the shallow to this environment and the existence of SMF9, bioturbation, Also the presence of barrier / reef sediments, a carbonate shelf depositional environment is suggested for the Qom Formation in Naragh section. In this model, marls of b member of the Qom Formation show more relative depth. Also sequence stratigraphic studies show that the Naraq section is composed of three sedimentary sequences of third- order three types I and one type II sequence boundaries were recognized in this formation. Manuscript Document
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        82 - Qom Formation, Microfacies, Depositional sequence, Maragh area.
          Hossein Ghanbarloo Ebrahim  Mohammadi
        The Qom Formation is located at the Maragh area (20 kilometers southwest of Kashan). The formation with 216 m thickness contains shale and limestones. Volcanic rocks unconformably are covered by the Qom Formation. The upper boundary of the Qom Formation with the Upper R Full Text
        The Qom Formation is located at the Maragh area (20 kilometers southwest of Kashan). The formation with 216 m thickness contains shale and limestones. Volcanic rocks unconformably are covered by the Qom Formation. The upper boundary of the Qom Formation with the Upper Red Formation is also unconformable. Nine microfacies and terrigenous facies were identified based on the main components and sedimentological features. These microfacies and terrigenous facies were deposited on an open-shelf carbonate platform. Three environments were recognized in this carbonate platform. These environments include the inner shelf (restricted and semi-restricted lagoon), middle shelf, and outer shelf. In addition, three third-order and one incomplete depositional sequences were identified based on the vertical distribution of microfacies. Manuscript Document
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        83 - Presenting a theoretical strategy to create an event-based academic educational environment in the field of architecture using the theory of constructivism (Case Study: Shiraz Architecture Universities)
        Maryam Dastgheib Parsa Vahid Shali amini Vida Norouz Borazjani
        The environment is one of the most important factors in education. Considering the characteristics and criteria of environmental design can construct new understandings and knowledge for learners. This study aims to present a theoretical strategy for creating an event-b Full Text
        The environment is one of the most important factors in education. Considering the characteristics and criteria of environmental design can construct new understandings and knowledge for learners. This study aims to present a theoretical strategy for creating an event-based architecture education environment using constructivist theory. The research question is what are the characteristics of appropriate architectural education spaces with event-based and constructivist education? This research is qualitative with practical consequences. The descriptive survey goal is cross-sectional in terms of time and inferential regarding logic. The indicators of constructive and event-based educational environments are identified from theoretical studies. Global experiences of constructive-learning environments have been explored. Then, Shiraz universities' graduate students, educated in the third and fourth semesters, have been selected as a sample. And the criteria of constructivism in their educational environments have were assessed with the tools of observation and questionnaire. After identifying and prioritizing the challenges, solutions were provided to create event-based learning environments. The results indicate that the lack of relationship between the educational environment and the work environment is the most important factor in the inefficiency of the university environment. Cooperation with libraries, museums, construction workshops, and urban spaces and equipping spaces for simultaneous use of city's universities, holding exhibitions, and group judging between different universities can be influential by applying constructivist theory to increase the efficiency of academic environments. Manuscript Document
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        84 - A Holographic Teaching-Learning Environment: Beyond Neuro-philosophy and Towards Neuro-phenomenology of Education
        hosein sharafi بختيار شعباني وركي    
        The main objective of this paper is to explain the difficulties and insufficiency of neuro-philosophy to delineate the framework of teaching-learning environments, and suggest an alternative to these difficulties. Therefore, firstly, the perspective of the neuro-philoso Full Text
        The main objective of this paper is to explain the difficulties and insufficiency of neuro-philosophy to delineate the framework of teaching-learning environments, and suggest an alternative to these difficulties. Therefore, firstly, the perspective of the neuro-philosophy to teaching-learning environments have been examined and criticized. Then, we have proposed a holographic teaching-learning environment based on the Varela’s neuro-phenomenology of education and inspired by the integral theory. The most important features of this approach to learning environments are: holographic attitudes towards human complicated life, simultaneous attention to the object and the subject and all its explicit and implicit layers by integrating the first and the third person methodologies into the essential components of these environments, namely teaching, teacher-learner communication, evaluation, and curriculum as an integrated whole. Manuscript Document
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        85 - A Systematic Analysis of Positive and Negative Effects of IRAN Tourism Development Using a Future Study Approach
        Amin Faraji Molaei    
        The rapid expansion of the tourism industry, besides positive aspects, can include many negative economic, socio-cultural and environmental issues. This paper, using structural analysis modeling, reviewed and analyzed the previous studies and experts’ opinions. The main Full Text
        The rapid expansion of the tourism industry, besides positive aspects, can include many negative economic, socio-cultural and environmental issues. This paper, using structural analysis modeling, reviewed and analyzed the previous studies and experts’ opinions. The main purpose was to develop a model to identify and prioritize the influential positive and negative impacts of tourism on a national scale during tourism development process in Iran. The impacts include: (a) positive and negative economic impacts (including an increase in income, job generation, increasing the cost of living, inflation, etc.); (b) socio-cultural impacts (including an increase in social capital and participation, the revival of local values, increase in social gaps, consumerism, etc.); and (c) environmental impacts (including improving the quality of an environment, promoting the green architecture, reduction of natural per capita, reducing physical capacity, etc.). Structural analysis model was used to analyze the data using the Micmac software. The current study presented and arranged the most important influential and dependency factors in the economic, environmental and socio-cultural dimensions. The study pointed out that to reach a sustainable tourism system, the first priority is to concentrate on the influential negative impacts, especially on the environmental issues. The second priority is to focus on the reduction of the linkage and risk impacts due to their unpredictability. Manuscript Document
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        86 - A Causal-Comparative Model for the Factors Influencing the Environmentally Responsible Behaviors; case of domestic and foreign tourists in Fars
        Mohammad Hasan  Seif Ahmad  Rastegar Saeed  Talebi Marzieh  Tajvaran
        In recent years, environmental issues have received greater attention within academic circles and society. They have also become a major social issue for larger numbers of people than ever before. Thus, the role of gender is emphasized in environmental orientation. The Full Text
        In recent years, environmental issues have received greater attention within academic circles and society. They have also become a major social issue for larger numbers of people than ever before. Thus, the role of gender is emphasized in environmental orientation. The present study tried to examine the effective factors on the environmentalist behaviors of tourists in Fars. From the tourists who visited the province of Fars, 260 tourists were selected using the Cochran test. To enhance the credibility of findings, stratified random sampling was used and questionnaires were proportionally completed. All collected data were processed by SPSS software and were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the highest total effects in tourists were the environmentalist behaviors and the lowest total effect was the ascription of responsibility. Manuscript Document
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        87 - The Mediating Role of Travel Motivation and Responsible Behavior with the Relationship between Environmental Attitude and the Sustainable Development of Ecotourism Case: Cities of Mahdishar and Semnan
        samaneh parsa سید حسن کابلی sakineh jafari
        This study examined the relationship between environmental attitude and sustainable development of ecotourism, and the mediating role of travel motivation and environmentally responsible behavior of ecotourists in Mahdishahr and Semnan. The population included all ecoto Full Text
        This study examined the relationship between environmental attitude and sustainable development of ecotourism, and the mediating role of travel motivation and environmentally responsible behavior of ecotourists in Mahdishahr and Semnan. The population included all ecotourists in Mahdishar and Semnan. The participants were 250 (122 males and 128 females) and were selected via a Convenience Sampling method. All participants completed the scales of environmental attitude, motivation, environmentally responsible behavior and sustainable development of ecotourism. Using LISREL, the data were analyzed by the path analysis model. The results showed that environmental attitude did not have a direct influence on the sustainable development of ecotourism. Environmental attitude had a direct, positive and significant influence on travel motivation and environmentally responsible behavior. Environmental attitude had an indirect, positive and significant impact on sustainable development of ecotourism with the mediating role of travel motivation and environmentally responsible behavior. Manuscript Document
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        88 - Exploring the Relationship between the Culture of Cooperation and the Creative Performance of Tourism Hoteling Organizations Staff
        majid sarani ali akbar amin bedokhti sakineh jafari
        In today’s competitive world, the key to success of tourism and hoteling organizations lies in their provision of creative products and services with regard to the different needs of their customers. As the staff’s creativity could provide organizations with some compet Full Text
        In today’s competitive world, the key to success of tourism and hoteling organizations lies in their provision of creative products and services with regard to the different needs of their customers. As the staff’s creativity could provide organizations with some competitive advantages, they need to try more to increase their employees’ creativity so that they may enjoy such advantages. This applied descriptive-correlative study, therefore, set out to investigate the relationship between the culture of cooperation and the creative performance of those staff members working in tourism organizations and two, three and four-star hotels in Yazd, Iran. To this end, a population of 172 supervisors and employees from all two, three and four-star hotels of Yazd city were selected through stratified random sampling. Having administered the standard questionnaires on culture of cooperation, working environment, and creative performance, the collected data were analyzed through the path analysis model, using LISREL software. The findings of the study indicated a significant positive and direct correlation between the culture of cooperation and the employees’ creative performance, while the culture had no such effect on the creativity of the staff when enforced through the procedural justice as an intervening variable. It was also found that there was a significant indirect relationship between the culture and the employees’ creative performance when the sharing of knowledge acted as a mediator, and that the cooperative culture had an indirect effect on employees’ creativity with the motivation acting as a mediator. Moreover, the culture of cooperation proved to have a significant indirect influence on the employees’ creative performance with the promotion factor acting as an intervening variable. Manuscript Document
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        89 - "Investigating Effective factors on Students’ eco-friendly behavior: A case study of University of Tehran, and Science and Culture University "
        بهرام نکوئی صدری Samaneh  Tavasoli Ahmad Pourahmad FATEMEH  FEHREST
        This study sought to identify the factors involved in the eco-friendly behavior of students, evaluating the extent they were effective in that regard. The population of this survey study comprised of 320 students of University of Tehran and Science and Culture Universit Full Text
        This study sought to identify the factors involved in the eco-friendly behavior of students, evaluating the extent they were effective in that regard. The population of this survey study comprised of 320 students of University of Tehran and Science and Culture University who were equally selected through systematic random sampling and classified into two groups of eco-tourism related students and non-ecotourism ones. Having administered a standard relevant questionnaire, we analyzed the data collected from the survey through which the questionnaires were filled, in each individual university, by the two groups of students, half of whom belonged to the first group and the others belonged to the second. The findings of the study indicated significant differences between the ecotourism behavior of male and female students and those of the ecotourism and non-ecotourism students. A significant positive relationship was also found between eco-friendly behavior and environmental awareness, attitude, and active membership in environment NGOs. Manuscript Document
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        90 - Investigating the quality and sense of attachment to the place in the open spaces of the residential complex
        Elham mansourian ali aram
        Place is a phenomenon that man gives meaning to and becomes dependent on during his life. Dependence on place is affected by the quality of the space and the way it is designed, and people create it over a specific period of time. There is a positive relationship betwee Full Text
        Place is a phenomenon that man gives meaning to and becomes dependent on during his life. Dependence on place is affected by the quality of the space and the way it is designed, and people create it over a specific period of time. There is a positive relationship between attachment to place and perception and knowledge of place by the individual to the extent that he recognizes himself with it; Thus, the connection between man and place or "attachment to place" is considered the basis for satisfying many human needs through place and meaning in life. In particular, attachment to important places for human beings, the most characteristic of which is living space. Open spaces between residential buildings are the bedrock for residents to connect with nature and to spend their leisure time in the immediate exterior of the house. Come. This study examines the quality and sense of attachment to space in the open spaces of a residential complex. After dealing with the existing theories in the field of attachment to space and in open spaces of residential complex with an inferential approach and using past research and theoretical foundations, the results show that the quality and sense of attachment to space in open spaces of residential complex Organization, quality of interior spaces, social interactions, type of access and view and type of access and view can be effective factors in increasing the quality and sense of attachment to space in open spaces of residential complex. Manuscript Document
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        91 - Survey of Yasuj high school students' opinions about environmental protection
        Golnar Salehi khah Helaleh  Ranjbari Soraya  Bastan
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the views of high school students in Yasuj about environmental protection. The method is fieldwork and information was collected through a questionnaire from 121 high school students in Yasuj. The method used in this research Full Text
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the views of high school students in Yasuj about environmental protection. The method is fieldwork and information was collected through a questionnaire from 121 high school students in Yasuj. The method used in this research is descriptive-analytical. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.85. Data analysis was performed using statistical and variable tests and SPSS software. Findings showed that students were interested in issues related to environmental protection and considered environmental protection to be part of their duties and had an acceptable level of information and knowledge about issues and problems related to its protection. To achieve sustainable development, ie balanced development and preserving environmental values, you must think about the biocultural transformation of societies so that the people who make up communities adapt their character to the sustainability and dynamism of nature, because environmental crises and the destruction and imposition of natural resources increase Population has caused humans today to work harder to prevent the destruction of their environment. Finally, the results of statistical tests showed that in addition to the variables of the tendency to create environmental structures, the amount of visits to parks and green spaces, students' visits to environmentally friendly centers, the use of educational and scientific environmental protection and the use of educational videos in the field of environment. Among all the research variables, including the amount of environmental education materials in the textbook, attitudes towards environmental protection, the amount and of course to the environment, school libraries are equipped with resources and science, the use of environmental magazines and publications, the number of environmental experts visiting Schools, participation in voluntary environmental activities, informing teachers about environmental protection There is a direct and significant relationship between students' views on environmental protection. Manuscript Document
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        92 - Investigating the effect of energy transfer on the environment and humans
        Hossein Almipour Seyed Majid  Keshavarz
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of energy transfer on the environment and humans, and given that today energy and its use is an integral part of life, so that even a minute of energy interruption will cause billions in losses. If energy transmissi Full Text
        The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of energy transfer on the environment and humans, and given that today energy and its use is an integral part of life, so that even a minute of energy interruption will cause billions in losses. If energy transmission lines had not yet been discovered and invented, perhaps mankind would never have reached such a level of well-being and would still have to use carts and horses. This study investigates the characteristics of urban environments and the effects of energy transmission lines on the environment and humans. In addition to all the benefits that energy has, it will naturally have detrimental effects on humans and the environment, and therefore people who are exposed to the currents of energy transmission lines are more likely than others to suffer from all kinds of damage. According to human progress, solutions can be found to deal with it. For example, energy transmission lines can be crossed from the basement, which have less destructive effects on both physical health and environmental appearance than airborne transmission lines. Manuscript Document
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        93 - Investigating the effect of climate on the residential fabric of Yasuj
        Amir  Aminzadeh Ali Reza Rast
        The history of design and construction, according to the criteria of natural and climatic features in traditional Iranian architecture, reaches hundreds of years and is considered one of the architectural masterpieces in the world. The growth of technology and access to Full Text
        The history of design and construction, according to the criteria of natural and climatic features in traditional Iranian architecture, reaches hundreds of years and is considered one of the architectural masterpieces in the world. The growth of technology and access to fossil fuels has led to the neglect of climatic standards in housing construction. This study examines the urban context of Yasuj city and climate, and by examining the housing characteristics of old, middle and new textures of this city, the compatibility of the three textures with the climatic conditions of Yasuj city, the density of buildings will be evaluated. In order to use natural forces in regulating the environmental conditions inside the building and reflection in the formation of the urban context, climate recognition is an important issue in architectural and urban design. In this research, the types of climates are introduced and the effect of climate on the formation of urban fabric and residential architecture is described and depicted. Manuscript Document
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        94 - Distributed renewable generation sources with uncertainty
        Mehdi  Dastkhan Ali Dost  Rostamizadeh
        Today, most of the electrical energy needed by countries is provided by using fossil fuels. Due to the fact that fossil energies are non-renewable and will bring environmental pollution, it is necessary to use renewable sources to provide electricity. In many studies co Full Text
        Today, most of the electrical energy needed by countries is provided by using fossil fuels. Due to the fact that fossil energies are non-renewable and will bring environmental pollution, it is necessary to use renewable sources to provide electricity. In many studies conducted so far in this field, the random behavior of the load and new energy sources have not been taken into account, which makes the results obtained with this assumption not have enough accuracy, and due to the lack of careful examination, usually in these designs, the values The obtained are more than the required amount, which causes the cost of the system to increase. It shows the simulation results of the created index. It should be noted that Monte Carlo simulations do not produce definitive results, but the results that these simulations provide are associated with probability distributions. This proposed method uses this feature to overcome one of the basic shortcomings of the models described in previous papers (most of these papers only dealt with the effects of PHEVs without considering the probability of such effects occurring). The research carried out in this paper analyzes the performance of power devices under the high penetration of PHEVs and photovoltaic electricity and presents new methods to facilitate the integration of these two technologies in current networks. Manuscript Document
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        95 - Presenting a model to solve the challenges facing the participation of people and social institutionsIn the fight against environmental crimes
        Hasan Haji tabar Nima Parvaneh Maral Darbandi
        Environmental crises are taking on new dimensions every day. Crises related to ozone depletion, nuclear waste storage, industrial and chemical waste management, etc. can be seen around life. Environmental crimes are any type of current or current cracks that cause sever Full Text
        Environmental crises are taking on new dimensions every day. Crises related to ozone depletion, nuclear waste storage, industrial and chemical waste management, etc. can be seen around life. Environmental crimes are any type of current or current cracks that cause severe damage to the environment and endanger human health. Environmental crimes against living components of the environment minus humans include all plant and animal organisms. For this reason, and with the uncontrolled increase of this type of serious environmental damage, it has led to the presentation of a model to combat environmental crimes. The statistical population of this article is about ١٣environmental activists in the country who have been interviewed in the form of an open article and at first the challenges of public participation and comprehensive institutions in the fight against environmental crimes Using factor analysis and pls software to determine the relationship between these factors to confirm, then the relationship of these challenges with environmental crimes in a ranking using the Friedman test and finally A model for influencing environmental crimes is presented with the participation of the public and government institutions. Manuscript Document
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        96 - Investigating and analyzing the effects of the consequences of wind turbines on the environment
        Farid  Manouchehri Sarbasi Seyed Majid  Keshavarz
        The reduction of fossil fuel resources, which are considered a huge part of energy production resources, as well as the effects of the consumption of such energy resources, cause environmental pollution issues such as the phenomenon of global warming of the earth's temp Full Text
        The reduction of fossil fuel resources, which are considered a huge part of energy production resources, as well as the effects of the consumption of such energy resources, cause environmental pollution issues such as the phenomenon of global warming of the earth's temperature, the reduction of the thickness of the ozone layer, and the destruction of natural resources such as forests, pastures and The seas have been In this regard, the use of renewable energy such as wind energy is booming; By examining the weather conditions of each region, the ability to extract wind energy from that environment can be extracted. The increasing growth of the wind turbine industry in the world has made this industry one of the leading industries in the field of new energy, and it is expected that this growth will increase significantly in the coming years. Although wind power plants have less destructive effects on the environment compared to traditional power plants, the environmental impact of wind turbine blades will become a big challenge. Disposal and recycling of vanes, noise created by vanes, visual effects, killing of birds and insects by vanes, atmospheric disturbances and pollution during construction, transportation and installation of vanes are among these problems. Many of these problems have been reduced with the advancement of technology or with the correct installation of the power plant. The purpose of this research is to investigate and evaluate the effects of wind turbines on humans and the environment. Manuscript Document