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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The meaning of life from the Islamic point of view and its relation to lifestyle
        zari pishegar Morteza  Samanun mohamad esmaeil said hashemi enayat sharifi
        Does life have meaning? What is the meaning of life? Question about the meaning of life has a history as long as human’s life. One of the most important meanings in the phrase “the meaning of life" believed by Abrahamid's religions is that the meaning of life is equival More
        Does life have meaning? What is the meaning of life? Question about the meaning of life has a history as long as human’s life. One of the most important meanings in the phrase “the meaning of life" believed by Abrahamid's religions is that the meaning of life is equivalent to the very purpose of life. The next question is that whether humans generate the meaning in their lives? Or the meaning exists per se and should be discovered by human? In the first case, the meaning of life becomes a fake matter and in the other case it becomes a real one. The divine religions, with the most decisive responses, are the best means to save humans from uncertainty and vanity in life. In the present study, the chosen viewpoint is that life becomes meaningful by the recognition of God and being connected to him. When the meaning becomes clear, then it would be the time for selecting the manner and type of behaviors and objectives in life. There is a strong connection between the meaning and the style of life. In this regard, some of the intellectuals’ opinions and viewpoints have been provided here. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The meaning of life from the Islamic point of view and its relation to the lifestyle
        zari pishegar Morteza  Samanun mohamad esmaeil said hashemi enayat sharifi
        Does life have meaning? What is the meaning of life? Question about the meaning of life has a history as long as human’s life. One of the most important meanings in the phrase “the meaning of life" believed by Abrahamid's religions is that the meaning of life is equival More
        Does life have meaning? What is the meaning of life? Question about the meaning of life has a history as long as human’s life. One of the most important meanings in the phrase “the meaning of life" believed by Abrahamid's religions is that the meaning of life is equivalent to the very purpose of life. The next question is that whether humans generate the meaning in their lives? Or the meaning exists per se and should be discovered by human? In the first case, the meaning of life becomes a fake matter and in the other case it becomes a real one. The divine religions, with the most decisive responses, are the best means to save humans from uncertainty and vanity in life. In the present study, the chosen viewpoint is that life becomes meaningful by the recognition of God and being connected to him. When the meaning becomes clear, then it would be the time for selecting the manner and type of behaviors and objectives in life. There is a strong connection between the meaning and the style of life. In this regard, some of the intellectuals’ opinions and viewpoints have been provided here. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Affect in the Relationship between Meaning in Life and Mental Health
        Leila Mohammadi Mohammad Ali Besharat Mohammad Reza Rezazade Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of positive and negative affect in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. The sample consisted of 337 students (153 males and 184 females) from University of Tehran at three levels: BA, More
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of positive and negative affect in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. The sample consisted of 337 students (153 males and 184 females) from University of Tehran at three levels: BA, MA and PHD. Participants are chosen by available sampling. The students answered the Crumbaugh Maholick (1964) Meaning of Life Questionnaire, Veit and Ware (1983) Mental Health Inventory and Watson et al (1988) Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. For analyzing data, we used some indexes such as Frequency, Percent, Standard deviation, Pearson correlation test and for proving the mediating role, we used Pathway analysis. The results showed a significant positive and negative relationship between meaning in life and psychological well-being as well as psychological distress. The Pathway analysis showed that positive and negative affect has mediating role in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. According to the result, it can be concluded that, attention to meaning in life and improve it in students life lead to increasing positive affect and as a result can influence mental health and decrease expression of negative affect and psychological distress level. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Structural Correlation Modeling of Stress and Eating Disorder by mediating Meaning in Life and Experiential Avoidance.
        Hadi Kheirabadi Mahmoud Jajarmi Abolfazl Bakhshipoor
        The purpose of this study was modeling the relationship between Stress and Eating Disorder by mediating the Meaning of Life and Experiential Avoidance. The research method is descriptive and type of Structural Correlation Modeling. The statistical population of this stu More
        The purpose of this study was modeling the relationship between Stress and Eating Disorder by mediating the Meaning of Life and Experiential Avoidance. The research method is descriptive and type of Structural Correlation Modeling. The statistical population of this study is all studying students at Mashhad Ferdowsi University in 2020.. 387 people were selected from among the studying students by multi-stage cluster sampling method. The participants answered to Eating Attitudes Test (Garner et al., 1979), Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (Gamez et al., 2011), Meaning of Life Questionnaire (Steger & Shin, 2010) and Student Stress Survey (Ross, Neibling, Heckert, 1999). Data were analyzed by SPSS 23 and AMOS 23 statistical software. P-value was smaller than 0.01 in the Total Effect Model analysis and the Mediation Effect Model analysis. The results of Total Effect Model analysis showed that the variable of Stress was directly and positively correlated with the variable of Eating Disorder. Also, the results of the Mediation Effect Model analysis showed that the variable of Experiential Avoidance mediates positively and partially the relationship between Stress and Eating Disorder. The Meaning of Life mediates negatively and partially the relationship between Stress and Eating Disorder. In addition to conceptualizing Eating Disorder, this study showed the relationship between Stress and Eating Disorder and revealed the role of Experiential Avoidance and the Meaning in life as two underlying and continuing factors that should be considered in the treatment of this disorder. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - The Relationship between Family Communication Patterns with Meaning in Life on High School Students in Shiraz
        raziyeh shakibafard reza chalmeh
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school stu More
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school students in Shiraz(60 girls and 60 boys)who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data collected by questionnaire of family communication patterns (Fitzpatrick and Ritchie, 1990) and the meaning in life questionnaire (Steger, 2010). Cronbach's Alpha was calculated to examine reliability of the measures. The power of dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) was examined in predicting the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning) by using correlation test and simultaneous regression analysis. According to the results of this study, the dimensions of family communication patterns were able to predict the search for meaning and the strongest prediction was related to the conversation dimension (p <0.05), but the presence of meaning was not predictable by the dimensions of family communication patterns. Whereas, proper communication of family members plays an important role in creating a search for meaning in children, it can be strengthened to increase meaning in life. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - The effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents
        Shima Shameli reza chalmeh kazem khorramdel
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents. The present method was a quasi-experiment and a post-test, pre-test type. The statistical population More
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents. The present method was a quasi-experiment and a post-test, pre-test type. The statistical population consisted of all secondary school students in Kazeroon, among whom 20 students were selected who were experienced the grief of the immediate family by purposive sampling and randomly appointed in experimental and control groups. All participants completed the Grief Experience Questionnaire (GEQ) and the Meaning in Life (MIL) in the pre-test and post-test stages. Education of cognitive emotion regulation strategies was performed in eight sessions for the experimental group, based on the Grass model (2008). indicated the significant effect of the training of cognitive regulatory strategies on the total scores of GEQ, MIL, and all components of these two variables (P <0.05), except for the search for meaning. According to the current findings, cognitive emotion regulation strategies can be suggested to increase the meaning in life and reduce the experience of grief in adolescents. Manuscript Document